Cost-effectiveness analysis of universal screening for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospital inpatients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-06

AUTHORS

L. Lapointe-Shaw, T. Voruganti, P. Kohler, H.-H. Thein, B. Sander, A. McGeer

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of screening all hospital inpatients for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) at the time of hospital admission, compared to not screening, from a US hospital perspective. We used a linked transmission/Markov model to compare outcomes for a typical hospitalized medical patient, from a community with a colonization prevalence of 0.05%. Outcomes were number of colonized patients, CPE-related clinical infections and deaths, expected quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), cost, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the effect of parameter uncertainty, using a willingness-to-pay threshold of $100,000 per QALY gained. Screening prevented six CPE colonization cases per 1000 patients (1/1000 colonized with screening, 7/1000 without screening), over half of all symptomatic CPE infections (2/10,000 symptomatic with screening, 5/10,000 symptomatic without screening), and nearly half of all CPE-related deaths (8/100,000 deaths with screening, 15/100,000 deaths without screening). Screening accrued 0.0009 additional QALYs and cost an additional $24.68, compared to not screening, and was cost-effective (ICER $26,283 per QALY gained). Our results were sensitive to uncertainty in prevalence and the number of secondary colonizations per colonized patient. Screening was not cost-effective at a prevalence below 0.015% or if transmission to fewer than 0.9 new patients occurred for each colonized patient. At prevalence levels above 0.3%, screening was cost-saving compared to not screening. Screening inpatients for CPE carriage is likely cost-effective, and may be cost-saving, depending on the local prevalence of carriage. More... »

PAGES

1047-1055

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10096-016-2890-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-016-2890-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047050681

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28078557


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    "description": "The purpose of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of screening all hospital inpatients for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) at the time of hospital admission, compared to not screening, from a US hospital perspective. We used a linked transmission/Markov model to compare outcomes for a typical hospitalized medical patient, from a community with a colonization prevalence of 0.05%. Outcomes were number of colonized patients, CPE-related clinical infections and deaths, expected quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), cost, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the effect of parameter uncertainty, using a willingness-to-pay threshold of $100,000 per QALY gained. Screening prevented six CPE colonization cases per 1000 patients (1/1000 colonized with screening, 7/1000 without screening), over half of all symptomatic CPE infections (2/10,000 symptomatic with screening, 5/10,000 symptomatic without screening), and nearly half of all CPE-related deaths (8/100,000 deaths with screening, 15/100,000 deaths without screening). Screening accrued 0.0009 additional QALYs and cost an additional $24.68, compared to not screening, and was cost-effective (ICER $26,283 per QALY gained). Our results were sensitive to uncertainty in prevalence and the number of secondary colonizations per colonized patient. Screening was not cost-effective at a prevalence below 0.015% or if transmission to fewer than 0.9 new patients occurred for each colonized patient. At prevalence levels above 0.3%, screening was cost-saving compared to not screening. Screening inpatients for CPE carriage is likely cost-effective, and may be cost-saving, depending on the local prevalence of carriage.", 
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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

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N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10096-016-2890-7'


 

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