Complementarity between targeted real-time specific PCR and conventional broad-range 16S rDNA PCR in the syndrome-driven diagnosis of infectious diseases View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-03

AUTHORS

A.-S. Morel, G. Dubourg, E. Prudent, S. Edouard, F. Gouriet, J.-P. Casalta, F. Fenollar, P. E. Fournier, M. Drancourt, D. Raoult

ABSTRACT

Molecular tools have shown an added value in the diagnosis of infectious diseases, in particular for those caused by fastidious intracellular microorganisms, or in patients receiving antibiotics before sampling. If 16S rDNA amplification had been gradually implemented in microbiology laboratories, specific real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) would have permitted an increase in the sensitivity of molecular methods and a reduction of contamination. Herein, we report our experience in the diagnosis of infectious diseases over two years, during which 32,948 clinical samples from 18,056 patients were received from France and abroad. Among these samples, 81,476 PCRs were performed, of which 1,192 were positive. Molecular techniques detected intracellular microorganisms in 31.3 % of respiratory samples, 27.8 % of endocarditis samples and 51.9 % of adenitis samples. Excluding intracellular bacteria, 25 % of the positive samples in this series were sterile in culture. Conventional broad-range PCR permitted the identification of fastidious and anaerobic microorganisms, but specific real-time PCR showed a significant superiority in the diagnosis of osteoarticular infections, in particular for those caused by Kingella kingae and Staphylococcus aureus, and for endocarditis diagnosis, specifically when Streptococcus gallolyticus and Staphylococcus aureus were involved. The sensitivity of conventional broad-range PCR was 62.9 % concerning overall diagnoses for which both techniques had been performed. These findings should lead microbiologists to focus on targeted specific real-time PCR regarding the clinical syndrome. Finally, syndrome-driven diagnosis, which consists of testing a panel of microorganisms commonly involved for each syndrome, permitted the establishment of 31 incidental diagnoses. More... »

PAGES

561-570

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-05. Dramatic reduction of culture time of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2009-11. Real-time PCR strategy and detection of bacterial agents of lymphadenitis in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES
  • 2013-04. The role of Streptococcus intermedius in brain abscess in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10096-014-2263-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-014-2263-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033590596

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25348607


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