Insights into Candida tropicalis nosocomial infections and virulence factors View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2011-10-30

AUTHORS

M. Negri, S. Silva, M. Henriques, R. Oliveira

ABSTRACT

Candida tropicalis is considered the first or the second non-Candida albicans Candida (NCAC) species most frequently isolated from candidosis, mainly in patients admitted in intensive care units (ICUs), especially with cancer, requiring prolonged catheterization, or receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics. The proportion of candiduria and candidemia caused by C. tropicalis varies widely with geographical area and patient group. Actually, in certain countries, C. tropicalis is more prevalent, even compared with C. albicans or other NCAC species. Although prophylactic treatments with fluconazole cause a decrease in the frequency of candidosis caused by C. tropicalis, it is increasingly showing a moderate level of fluconazole resistance. The propensity of C. tropicalis for dissemination and the high mortality associated with its infections might be strongly related to the potential of virulence factors exhibited by this species, such as adhesion to different host surfaces, biofilm formation, infection and dissemination, and enzymes secretion. Therefore, the aim of this review is to outline the present knowledge on all the above-mentioned C. tropicalis virulence traits. More... »

PAGES

1399-1412

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2006-02-10. Epidemiological trends in nosocomial candidemia in intensive care in BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES
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  • 2009-07-10. A Candida-based view of fungal sex and pathogenesis in GENOME BIOLOGY
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  • 2010-08-28. Rapid identification of yeasts from positive blood culture bottles by pyrosequencing in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES
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  • 2009-10-23. Examination of Potential Virulence Factors of Candida tropicalis Clinical Isolates From Hospitalized Patients in MYCOPATHOLOGIA
  • 2009-09-29. Candidemia on presentation to the hospital: development and validation of a risk score in CRITICAL CARE
  • 2009-11. Candida Colonization and Candiduria in Critically Ill Patients in the Intensive Care Unit in DRUGS
  • 2006-04. Phospholipase and Proteinase Activities of Clinical Isolates of Candida from Immunocompromised Patients in MYCOPATHOLOGIA
  • 2005-04-07. Risk factors for fatal candidemia caused by Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida species in BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES
  • 2008-09-12. Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis in Oral Candidosis: Quantitative Analysis, Exoenzyme Activity, and Antifungal Drug Sensitivity in MYCOPATHOLOGIA
  • 1992-11. Laboratory aids in the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in MYCOPATHOLOGIA
  • 2004-03-17. Epidemiology of Candidaemia in Europe: Results of 28-Month European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) Hospital-Based Surveillance Study in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES
  • 2009-05-24. Evolution of pathogenicity and sexual reproduction in eight Candida genomes in NATURE
  • 2003-05-16. Candiduria in critically ill patients admitted to intensive care medical units in INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10096-011-1455-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-011-1455-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052732294

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22037823


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