Effect of alkali treatment on wettability and thermal stability of individual bamboo fibers View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-03-12

AUTHORS

Hong Chen, Wenfu Zhang, Xuehua Wang, Hankun Wang, Yan Wu, Tuhua Zhong, Benhua Fei

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to examine the wettability and thermal properties of individual bamboo fibers after alkali treatment. The individual bamboo fibers were treated by sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution with varying concentrations (6, 8, 10, 15 and 25%) followed by freeze-drying treatment. The surface analysis of alkali-treated individual bamboo fibers was characterized by atomic force microscope. Water droplet on the individual fiber surface was observed with drop shaper analyzer and the contact angles on fiber surface were also measured. Thermal properties were further studied by thermogravimetric analysis. The results indicated that alkali treatment resulted in the increase in surface roughness of individual bamboo fibers. Alkali treatment with low NaOH concentration could enhance the wettability of treated individual bamboo fibers, and while the wettability was reduced with alkali treatment at high concentration (25%). Thermal analysis revealed that the onset of decomposition and the maximum decomposition were moved to higher temperature after alkali treatment at low NaOH concentrations (6, 8, and 10%), suggesting the improvement in the thermal stability of treated individual bamboo fibers, while the thermal stability was compromised after alkali treatment at higher concentrations (15 and 25%). More... »

PAGES

398-405

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-11-03. Effect of alkali treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of individual bamboo fibers in CELLULOSE
  • 2008-10-11. Effect of alkaline treatment on cellulose supramolecular structure studied with combined confocal Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy in CELLULOSE
  • 1976-12. On the fine structure of bamboo fibres in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-07-13. Physicochemical and thermal properties of lignocellulosic fiber from sugar palm fibers: effect of treatment in CELLULOSE
  • 2008-12. X-ray diffraction study of bamboo fibers treated with NaOH in FIBERS AND POLYMERS
  • 2016-09-26. Quantitative characterization of the interface between bamboo fiber and polypropylene with pull-out test and nanomechanical imaging in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 2017-02-08. The influence of chemical treatment on the mechanical properties of windmill palm fiber in CELLULOSE
  • 2008-04-22. Characterization and acetylation behavior of bamboo pulp in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2008-02-20. Influence of fibre-surface treatment on structural, thermal and mechanical properties of jute in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 2014-03-01. Preparation of tough cellulose II nanofibers with high thermal stability from wood in CELLULOSE
  • 2013-04-09. Modification of oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers by nanoparticle impregnation and alkali treatment in CELLULOSE
  • 2012-07-25. Bamboo fiber and its reinforced composites: structure and properties in CELLULOSE
  • 2016-11-26. Changes of hydrogen bonding and aggregation structure of cellulose fiber due to microwave-assisted alkali treatment and its impacts on the application as fluff pulp in CELLULOSE
  • 2007-09-20. Toughness enhancement of cellulose nanocomposites by alkali treatment of the reinforcing cellulose nanofibers in CELLULOSE
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10086-018-1713-0

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10086-018-1713-0

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