The role of amyloid β in the pathological mechanism of GNE myopathy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-29

AUTHORS

Tongtong Zhang, Ren Shang, Jing Miao

ABSTRACT

GNE myopathy is a hereditary muscle disorder characterized by muscle atrophy and weakness initially involving the lower distal extremities. The treatment of GNE myopathy mainly focuses on a sialic acid deficiency caused by a mutation in the GNE gene, but it has not achieved the expected effect. The main pathological features of GNE myopathy are myofiber atrophy and rimmed vacuoles, including accumulation of amyloid β, which is mainly found in atrophic muscle fibers. Although the role of amyloid β and other misfolded proteins on the nervous system has been widely recognized, the cause and process of the formation of amyloid β in the pathological process of GNE myopathy are unclear. In addition, amyloid β has been reported to be linked to quality control mechanisms of proteins, such as molecular chaperones, the ubiquitin–proteasome system, and the autophagy-lysosome system. Herein, we summarize the possible reasons for amyloid β deposition and illustrate amyloid β-mediated events in the cells and their role in muscle atrophy in GNE myopathy. This review represents an overview of amyloid β and GNE myopathy that could help identify a potential mechanism and thereby a plausible therapeutic for the disease. More... »

PAGES

6309-6321

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10072-022-06301-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-022-06301-7

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

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    41 schema:description Abstract GNE myopathy is a hereditary muscle disorder characterized by muscle atrophy and weakness initially involving the lower distal extremities. The treatment of GNE myopathy mainly focuses on a sialic acid deficiency caused by a mutation in the GNE gene, but it has not achieved the expected effect. The main pathological features of GNE myopathy are myofiber atrophy and rimmed vacuoles, including accumulation of amyloid β, which is mainly found in atrophic muscle fibers. Although the role of amyloid β and other misfolded proteins on the nervous system has been widely recognized, the cause and process of the formation of amyloid β in the pathological process of GNE myopathy are unclear. In addition, amyloid β has been reported to be linked to quality control mechanisms of proteins, such as molecular chaperones, the ubiquitin–proteasome system, and the autophagy-lysosome system. Herein, we summarize the possible reasons for amyloid β deposition and illustrate amyloid β-mediated events in the cells and their role in muscle atrophy in GNE myopathy. This review represents an overview of amyloid β and GNE myopathy that could help identify a potential mechanism and thereby a plausible therapeutic for the disease.
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    80 muscle atrophy
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    83 mutations
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    86 nervous system
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