Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on acute stroke care: facing an epidemiological paradox with a paradigm shift View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-11-21

AUTHORS

Matteo Paolucci, Sara Biguzzi, Francesco Cordici, Enrico Maria Lotti, Simonetta Morresi, Michele Romoli, Silvia Strumia, Rossana Terlizzi, Simone Vidale, Maurizio Menarini, Maria Ruggiero, Alessandro Valentino, Marco Longoni

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, a decrease of stroke's hospital admissions and reperfusion therapy has been reported worldwide. This retrospective observational study assessed the volume of stroke cases managed in the Emergency Department (ED) and reperfusion therapies in an Italian stroke network with a high incidence of COVID-19, particularly to evaluate if the in-hospital rerouting and the switch from a drip-and-ship to a mothership model could assure an adequate volume of acute treatments. METHODS: We compared data from March 2020 with those from previous years and formulated five PICO questions regarding (1) incidence of stroke cases in the ED; (2) relation between stroke cases and COVID-19; (3) differences in the number of reperfusion therapies, (4) in the call-to-needle and door-to-needle times for intravenous thrombolysis, and (5) in the call-to-groin and door-to-groin times for thrombectomy. RESULTS: We found (1) a 28% decreased of confirmed stroke cases managed in the ED, (2) a negative correlation between stroke cases in ED and COVID-19 progression (rs = - .390, p = .030), and (3) a similar number of treatments in March 2020 and March 2019. The adoption of the mothership model (4) did not delay alteplase infusion (median call-to-needle p = .126, median door-to-needle p = .142) but led to (5) a significant reduction in median call-to-groin (p = .018) and door-to-groin times (p = .010). CONCLUSION: The "hospital avoidance" of stroke patients during the "stay-at-home" appeals needs to be considered for future public health campaigns. A prompt reorganization of the stroke network can guarantee optimal performances at times of crisis. More... »

PAGES

1-8

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10072-020-04914-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-020-04914-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1132836604

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33222101


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