Sneaking a peek: pigeons use peripheral vision (not mirrors) to find hidden food View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-04-10

AUTHORS

Emre Ünver, Alexis Garland, Sepideh Tabrik, Onur Güntürkün

ABSTRACT

A small number of species are capable of recognizing themselves in the mirror when tested with the mark-and-mirror test. This ability is often seen as evidence of self-recognition and possibly even self-awareness. Strangely, a number of species, for example monkeys, pigs and dogs, are unable to pass the mark test but can locate rewarding objects by using the reflective properties of a mirror. Thus, these species seem to understand how a visual reflection functions but cannot apply it to their own image. We tested this discrepancy in pigeons—a species that does not spontaneously pass the mark test. Indeed, we discovered that pigeons can successfully find a hidden food reward using only the reflection, suggesting that pigeons can also use and potentially understand the reflective properties of mirrors, even in the absence of self-recognition. However, tested under monocular conditions, the pigeons approached and attempted to walk through the mirror rather than approach the physical food, displaying similar behavior to patients with mirror agnosia. These findings clearly show that pigeons do not use the reflection of mirrors to locate reward, but actually see the food peripherally with their near-panoramic vision. A re-evaluation of our current understanding of mirror-mediated behavior might be necessary—especially taking more fully into account species differences in visual field. This study suggests that use of reflections in a mirrored surface as a tool may be less widespread than currently thought. More... »

PAGES

677-688

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084746182

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28397005


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Behavior, Animal", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Columbidae", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Feeding Behavior", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Recognition, Psychology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Reward", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Visual Perception", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5570.7", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "\u00dcnver", 
        "givenName": "Emre", 
        "id": "sg:person.0743642252.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0743642252.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5570.7", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Garland", 
        "givenName": "Alexis", 
        "id": "sg:person.0712100700.21", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712100700.21"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5570.7", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tabrik", 
        "givenName": "Sepideh", 
        "id": "sg:person.015533074073.17", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015533074073.17"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Wallenberg Research Centre at Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS), 7600, Stellenbosch, South Africa", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11956.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany", 
            "Wallenberg Research Centre at Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS), 7600, Stellenbosch, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "G\u00fcnt\u00fcrk\u00fcn", 
        "givenName": "Onur", 
        "id": "sg:person.01243204271.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01243204271.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep36459", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025156077", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep36459"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-009-1891-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032883172", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-009-1891-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02382873", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050670205", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02382873"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02382568", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022986497", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02382568"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10329-005-0170-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044090285", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-005-0170-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10329-015-0488-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022159761", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-015-0488-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02380884", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038157077", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02380884"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10071-010-0313-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016722180", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-010-0313-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2017-04-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2017-04-10", 
    "description": "A small number of species are capable of recognizing themselves in the mirror when tested with the mark-and-mirror test. This ability is often seen as evidence of self-recognition and possibly even self-awareness. Strangely, a number of species, for example monkeys, pigs and dogs, are unable to pass the mark test but can locate rewarding objects by using the reflective properties of a mirror. Thus, these species seem to understand how a visual reflection functions but cannot apply it to their own image. We tested this discrepancy in pigeons\u2014a species that does not spontaneously pass the mark test. Indeed, we discovered that pigeons can successfully find a hidden food reward using only the reflection, suggesting that pigeons can also use and potentially understand the reflective properties of mirrors, even in the absence of self-recognition. However, tested under monocular conditions, the pigeons approached and attempted to walk through the mirror rather than approach the physical food, displaying similar behavior to patients with mirror agnosia. These findings clearly show that pigeons do not use the reflection of mirrors to locate reward, but actually see the food peripherally with their near-panoramic vision. A re-evaluation of our current understanding of mirror-mediated behavior might be necessary\u2014especially taking more fully into account species differences in visual field. This study suggests that use of reflections in a mirrored surface as a tool may be less widespread than currently thought.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1119024", 
        "issn": [
          "1435-9448", 
          "1435-9456"
        ], 
        "name": "Animal Cognition", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "20"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "mark test", 
      "rewarding objects", 
      "hidden food", 
      "mirror test", 
      "food reward", 
      "monocular conditions", 
      "mirror agnosia", 
      "peripheral vision", 
      "visual field", 
      "reward", 
      "own image", 
      "pigeons", 
      "agnosia", 
      "vision", 
      "use of reflection", 
      "behavior", 
      "objects", 
      "test", 
      "findings", 
      "ability", 
      "monkeys", 
      "mirror", 
      "current understanding", 
      "understanding", 
      "reflection", 
      "evidence", 
      "differences", 
      "discrepancy", 
      "study", 
      "images", 
      "small number", 
      "food", 
      "use", 
      "marks", 
      "function", 
      "similar behavior", 
      "number", 
      "species differences", 
      "tool", 
      "conditions", 
      "field", 
      "absence", 
      "patients", 
      "dogs", 
      "properties", 
      "PEEK", 
      "reflection function", 
      "reflective properties", 
      "species", 
      "number of species", 
      "account species differences", 
      "surface", 
      "pigs", 
      "physical food", 
      "example monkeys", 
      "visual reflection functions", 
      "reflection of mirrors", 
      "near-panoramic vision"
    ], 
    "name": "Sneaking a peek: pigeons use peripheral vision (not mirrors) to find hidden food", 
    "pagination": "677-688", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1084746182"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "28397005"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084746182"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:29", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_734.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

205 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      99 URIs      83 LITERALS      14 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x schema:about N25b0bc14d1ce49cda9c868e424377cdb
2 N9bf9748770e644bd8d1399a6098d6052
3 Na84df1ba46f748cf9fe67b7446a910f4
4 Nabbf8c73fe1c404983211e941574c951
5 Nae3bf2e6da54496fb1412dea31eeacca
6 Ndbfb8388134440d099b2c36914bbdd60
7 Nf9c9a07e93414b66b83eb1db50336ca6
8 anzsrc-for:17
9 anzsrc-for:1701
10 schema:author Nc04075a8a11a4e548a861b1c01a309c9
11 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02380884
12 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02382568
13 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02382873
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-009-1891-5
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s10071-010-0313-1
16 sg:pub.10.1007/s10329-005-0170-8
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s10329-015-0488-9
18 sg:pub.10.1038/srep36459
19 schema:datePublished 2017-04-10
20 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-04-10
21 schema:description A small number of species are capable of recognizing themselves in the mirror when tested with the mark-and-mirror test. This ability is often seen as evidence of self-recognition and possibly even self-awareness. Strangely, a number of species, for example monkeys, pigs and dogs, are unable to pass the mark test but can locate rewarding objects by using the reflective properties of a mirror. Thus, these species seem to understand how a visual reflection functions but cannot apply it to their own image. We tested this discrepancy in pigeons—a species that does not spontaneously pass the mark test. Indeed, we discovered that pigeons can successfully find a hidden food reward using only the reflection, suggesting that pigeons can also use and potentially understand the reflective properties of mirrors, even in the absence of self-recognition. However, tested under monocular conditions, the pigeons approached and attempted to walk through the mirror rather than approach the physical food, displaying similar behavior to patients with mirror agnosia. These findings clearly show that pigeons do not use the reflection of mirrors to locate reward, but actually see the food peripherally with their near-panoramic vision. A re-evaluation of our current understanding of mirror-mediated behavior might be necessary—especially taking more fully into account species differences in visual field. This study suggests that use of reflections in a mirrored surface as a tool may be less widespread than currently thought.
22 schema:genre article
23 schema:inLanguage en
24 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
25 schema:isPartOf N1efa8338eb71471fa221bd90dd1930c1
26 N9c5fcf0fe5154fed8b98523cdf164384
27 sg:journal.1119024
28 schema:keywords PEEK
29 ability
30 absence
31 account species differences
32 agnosia
33 behavior
34 conditions
35 current understanding
36 differences
37 discrepancy
38 dogs
39 evidence
40 example monkeys
41 field
42 findings
43 food
44 food reward
45 function
46 hidden food
47 images
48 mark test
49 marks
50 mirror
51 mirror agnosia
52 mirror test
53 monkeys
54 monocular conditions
55 near-panoramic vision
56 number
57 number of species
58 objects
59 own image
60 patients
61 peripheral vision
62 physical food
63 pigeons
64 pigs
65 properties
66 reflection
67 reflection function
68 reflection of mirrors
69 reflective properties
70 reward
71 rewarding objects
72 similar behavior
73 small number
74 species
75 species differences
76 study
77 surface
78 test
79 tool
80 understanding
81 use
82 use of reflection
83 vision
84 visual field
85 visual reflection functions
86 schema:name Sneaking a peek: pigeons use peripheral vision (not mirrors) to find hidden food
87 schema:pagination 677-688
88 schema:productId N9704ebe1677d4ddda81526f22c83c441
89 N9ac23e0482864400aa408554ca77ddc4
90 N9c424af027724ba087a3965cd0795626
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084746182
92 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x
93 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:29
94 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
95 schema:sdPublisher N311aebd822a74318b0619f02397011e1
96 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x
97 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
98 sgo:sdDataset articles
99 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
100 N1efa8338eb71471fa221bd90dd1930c1 schema:volumeNumber 20
101 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
102 N25b0bc14d1ce49cda9c868e424377cdb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
103 schema:name Animals
104 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
105 N285af82404514ee4b8799d4bbcc6e1e4 rdf:first sg:person.0712100700.21
106 rdf:rest Nb27bf1db0de7417bba08db97953c3a8d
107 N311aebd822a74318b0619f02397011e1 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
108 rdf:type schema:Organization
109 N9704ebe1677d4ddda81526f22c83c441 schema:name doi
110 schema:value 10.1007/s10071-017-1090-x
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N9ac23e0482864400aa408554ca77ddc4 schema:name pubmed_id
113 schema:value 28397005
114 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
115 N9bf9748770e644bd8d1399a6098d6052 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name Columbidae
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 N9c424af027724ba087a3965cd0795626 schema:name dimensions_id
119 schema:value pub.1084746182
120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
121 N9c5fcf0fe5154fed8b98523cdf164384 schema:issueNumber 4
122 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
123 Na84df1ba46f748cf9fe67b7446a910f4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
124 schema:name Behavior, Animal
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 Naa4684197b084efd9027943c06014193 rdf:first sg:person.01243204271.36
127 rdf:rest rdf:nil
128 Nabbf8c73fe1c404983211e941574c951 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Visual Perception
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 Nae3bf2e6da54496fb1412dea31eeacca schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
132 schema:name Recognition, Psychology
133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
134 Nb27bf1db0de7417bba08db97953c3a8d rdf:first sg:person.015533074073.17
135 rdf:rest Naa4684197b084efd9027943c06014193
136 Nc04075a8a11a4e548a861b1c01a309c9 rdf:first sg:person.0743642252.39
137 rdf:rest N285af82404514ee4b8799d4bbcc6e1e4
138 Ndbfb8388134440d099b2c36914bbdd60 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
139 schema:name Reward
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 Nf9c9a07e93414b66b83eb1db50336ca6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
142 schema:name Feeding Behavior
143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
144 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
145 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
147 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
148 schema:name Psychology
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 sg:journal.1119024 schema:issn 1435-9448
151 1435-9456
152 schema:name Animal Cognition
153 schema:publisher Springer Nature
154 rdf:type schema:Periodical
155 sg:person.01243204271.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.11956.3a
156 schema:familyName Güntürkün
157 schema:givenName Onur
158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01243204271.36
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 sg:person.015533074073.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5570.7
161 schema:familyName Tabrik
162 schema:givenName Sepideh
163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015533074073.17
164 rdf:type schema:Person
165 sg:person.0712100700.21 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5570.7
166 schema:familyName Garland
167 schema:givenName Alexis
168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712100700.21
169 rdf:type schema:Person
170 sg:person.0743642252.39 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5570.7
171 schema:familyName Ünver
172 schema:givenName Emre
173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0743642252.39
174 rdf:type schema:Person
175 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02380884 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038157077
176 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02380884
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02382568 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022986497
179 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02382568
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02382873 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050670205
182 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02382873
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-009-1891-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032883172
185 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-009-1891-5
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 sg:pub.10.1007/s10071-010-0313-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016722180
188 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-010-0313-1
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 sg:pub.10.1007/s10329-005-0170-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044090285
191 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-005-0170-8
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 sg:pub.10.1007/s10329-015-0488-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022159761
194 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-015-0488-9
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 sg:pub.10.1038/srep36459 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025156077
197 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep36459
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 grid-institutes:grid.11956.3a schema:alternateName Wallenberg Research Centre at Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS), 7600, Stellenbosch, South Africa
200 schema:name Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany
201 Wallenberg Research Centre at Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS), 7600, Stellenbosch, South Africa
202 rdf:type schema:Organization
203 grid-institutes:grid.5570.7 schema:alternateName Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany
204 schema:name Faculty of Psychology, Biopsychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany
205 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...