Efficacy and safety of long-term treatment with low-dose rituximab for relapsing mixed cryoglobulinemia vasculitis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-03

AUTHORS

Stefania Colantuono, Milica Mitrevski, Baoran Yang, Julia Tola, Maurizio Carlesimo, Giuseppe M. De Sanctis, Massimo Fiorilli, Milvia Casato, Marcella Visentini

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of repeated treatments with low-dose rituximab for relapsing mixed cryoglobulinemia vasculitis. Thirty-seven patients with mixed cryoglobulinemia vasculitis refractory to standard of care treatment, 34 of which were HCV-positive, were treated with rituximab at the reduced dosage of 250 mg/m2 given twice 1 week apart per cycle. Thirty patients (81%) achieved a clinical response; 5 of them remain in remission, 3 were lost to follow-up or died, and 22 relapsed after a mean of 15.7 months. Eleven relapsers were retreated with one (6 patients), 2 (3 patients), or 3 (2 patients) additional rituximab cycles given at each relapse. Clinical and laboratory efficacy and side effects of long-term treatment were evaluated. Clinical response to retreatment was 91% (10/11) at the first relapse, 80% (4/5) at the second relapse, and 100% (2/2) at the third relapse. The mean (±SD) time to relapse was 17.1 ± 14.1 months in 30 patients who were treated with only one cycle (from first cycle to the first relapse) and 45.7 ± 30.6 months (from first cycle to the last observed relapse) in 11 patients treated with 2 or more cycles (p = 0.0037). Severe adverse reactions occurred in 3 patients, in 2 of whom at the first cycle. Our results suggest that repeated treatment of relapsing mixed cryoglobulinemia with a low-dose rituximab regimen is efficacious, safe, and cost-effective for the long-term management of this disorder. More... »

PAGES

617-623

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10067-017-3552-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-017-3552-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054078584

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28111716


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51 schema:description This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of repeated treatments with low-dose rituximab for relapsing mixed cryoglobulinemia vasculitis. Thirty-seven patients with mixed cryoglobulinemia vasculitis refractory to standard of care treatment, 34 of which were HCV-positive, were treated with rituximab at the reduced dosage of 250 mg/m<sup>2</sup> given twice 1 week apart per cycle. Thirty patients (81%) achieved a clinical response; 5 of them remain in remission, 3 were lost to follow-up or died, and 22 relapsed after a mean of 15.7 months. Eleven relapsers were retreated with one (6 patients), 2 (3 patients), or 3 (2 patients) additional rituximab cycles given at each relapse. Clinical and laboratory efficacy and side effects of long-term treatment were evaluated. Clinical response to retreatment was 91% (10/11) at the first relapse, 80% (4/5) at the second relapse, and 100% (2/2) at the third relapse. The mean (±SD) time to relapse was 17.1 ± 14.1 months in 30 patients who were treated with only one cycle (from first cycle to the first relapse) and 45.7 ± 30.6 months (from first cycle to the last observed relapse) in 11 patients treated with 2 or more cycles (p = 0.0037). Severe adverse reactions occurred in 3 patients, in 2 of whom at the first cycle. Our results suggest that repeated treatment of relapsing mixed cryoglobulinemia with a low-dose rituximab regimen is efficacious, safe, and cost-effective for the long-term management of this disorder.
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