Flyrock in bench blasting: a comprehensive review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-03-14

AUTHORS

A. K. Raina, V. M. S. R. Murthy, A. K. Soni

ABSTRACT

Flyrock is unwanted throw of rock fragments during bench blasting in mines and civil constructions. Perfunctory attempts by researchers to predict the flyrock range using mathematical, empirical and ANN based models do not address the issue in totality. Thus, flyrock continues to haunt the blaster. The research on the subject is, thus, still in its infancy. This paper identifies the lacunae, through a comprehensive review of the existing models, and suggests measures for better prediction and understanding of the problem on a holistic plane. One of the main reasons for improper predictions is the lack of data on flyrock in comparison to blast vibrations owing to statutory restrictions, avoidance of reporting and consequent constraints on experimentation. While fragmentation and throw of rock accompanied by subsequent vibration and air overpressure are essential constituents of the blasting, flyrock is not. This probably is one of the main errors in predictive domains. In addition, rock mass properties play a major role in heaving of rock fragments during blasting. Barring density of the rock, other rock mass properties have practically been ignored in all the models. At the end of this paper, for future investigations, a methodology for prediction of flyrock is also given. More... »

PAGES

1199-1209

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2003-10. Risk assessment in open cast mining — An application of Yager’s methodology for ordinal multiobjective decisions based on fuzzy sets in JAPAN JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS
  • 2011-05-26. Evaluation of flyrock phenomenon due to blasting operation by support vector machine in NEURAL COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS
  • 2010-05-21. Flyrock danger zone demarcation in opencast mines: a risk based approach in BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
  • 1999-10. Studies on Flyrock at Limestone Quarries in ROCK MECHANICS AND ROCK ENGINEERING
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002537991


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0914", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Regional Centre Unit-I, CSIR\u2014Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, 3rd Floor MECL Complex, Seminary Hills, 440 006, Nagpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Regional Centre Unit-I, CSIR\u2014Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, 3rd Floor MECL Complex, Seminary Hills, 440 006, Nagpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Raina", 
            "givenName": "A. K.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01300763324.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01300763324.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, 826 008, Dhanbad, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417984.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, 826 008, Dhanbad, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Murthy", 
            "givenName": "V. M. S. R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014464403207.55", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014464403207.55"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, 826 008, Dhanbad, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417984.7", 
              "name": [
                "Regional Centre Unit-I, CSIR\u2014Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, 3rd Floor MECL Complex, Seminary Hills, 440 006, Nagpur, India", 
                "Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, 826 008, Dhanbad, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Soni", 
            "givenName": "A. K.", 
            "id": "sg:person.016057344207.77", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016057344207.77"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf03167425", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024406111", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03167425"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10064-010-0298-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010242509", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-010-0298-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00521-011-0631-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039536792", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-011-0631-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s006030050049", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044493601", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s006030050049"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2014-03-14", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2014-03-14", 
        "description": "Flyrock is unwanted throw of rock fragments during bench blasting in mines and civil constructions. Perfunctory attempts by researchers to predict the flyrock range using mathematical, empirical and ANN based models do not address the issue in totality. Thus, flyrock continues to haunt the blaster. The research on the subject is, thus, still in its infancy. This paper identifies the lacunae, through a comprehensive review of the existing models, and suggests measures for better prediction and understanding of the problem on a holistic plane. One of the main reasons for improper predictions is the lack of data on flyrock in comparison to blast vibrations owing to statutory restrictions, avoidance of reporting and consequent constraints on experimentation. While fragmentation and throw of rock accompanied by subsequent vibration and air overpressure are essential constituents of the blasting, flyrock is not. This probably is one of the main errors in predictive domains. In addition, rock mass properties play a major role in heaving of rock fragments during blasting. Barring density of the rock, other rock mass properties have practically been ignored in all the models. At the end of this paper, for future investigations, a methodology for prediction of flyrock is also given.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136592", 
            "issn": [
              "1435-9529", 
              "1435-9537"
            ], 
            "name": "Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "4", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "73"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "rock mass properties", 
          "bench blasting", 
          "mass properties", 
          "prediction of flyrock", 
          "civil construction", 
          "blasting", 
          "air overpressure", 
          "subsequent vibration", 
          "flyrock", 
          "improper prediction", 
          "rock fragments", 
          "vibration", 
          "main errors", 
          "better prediction", 
          "properties", 
          "heaving", 
          "comprehensive review", 
          "overpressure", 
          "prediction", 
          "main reason", 
          "mine", 
          "model", 
          "blaster", 
          "rocks", 
          "density", 
          "ANN", 
          "plane", 
          "construction", 
          "investigation", 
          "experimentation", 
          "error", 
          "methodology", 
          "range", 
          "predictive domain", 
          "comparison", 
          "problem", 
          "constituents", 
          "lack of data", 
          "addition", 
          "throw", 
          "constraints", 
          "major role", 
          "essential constituent", 
          "issues", 
          "research", 
          "reasons", 
          "end", 
          "data", 
          "domain", 
          "future investigations", 
          "researchers", 
          "attempt", 
          "understanding", 
          "consequent constraints", 
          "restriction", 
          "review", 
          "avoidance", 
          "fragmentation", 
          "lack", 
          "measures", 
          "statutory restrictions", 
          "role", 
          "lacunae", 
          "totality", 
          "fragments", 
          "subjects", 
          "infancy", 
          "reporting", 
          "paper", 
          "unwanted throw", 
          "Perfunctory attempts", 
          "flyrock range", 
          "holistic plane", 
          "avoidance of reporting", 
          "throw of rock"
        ], 
        "name": "Flyrock in bench blasting: a comprehensive review", 
        "pagination": "1199-1209", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1002537991"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002537991"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:34", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_645.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    167 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      104 URIs      92 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0914
    3 schema:author N6195c43354c44c688b840d791c198912
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf03167425
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00521-011-0631-5
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s006030050049
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s10064-010-0298-7
    8 schema:datePublished 2014-03-14
    9 schema:datePublishedReg 2014-03-14
    10 schema:description Flyrock is unwanted throw of rock fragments during bench blasting in mines and civil constructions. Perfunctory attempts by researchers to predict the flyrock range using mathematical, empirical and ANN based models do not address the issue in totality. Thus, flyrock continues to haunt the blaster. The research on the subject is, thus, still in its infancy. This paper identifies the lacunae, through a comprehensive review of the existing models, and suggests measures for better prediction and understanding of the problem on a holistic plane. One of the main reasons for improper predictions is the lack of data on flyrock in comparison to blast vibrations owing to statutory restrictions, avoidance of reporting and consequent constraints on experimentation. While fragmentation and throw of rock accompanied by subsequent vibration and air overpressure are essential constituents of the blasting, flyrock is not. This probably is one of the main errors in predictive domains. In addition, rock mass properties play a major role in heaving of rock fragments during blasting. Barring density of the rock, other rock mass properties have practically been ignored in all the models. At the end of this paper, for future investigations, a methodology for prediction of flyrock is also given.
    11 schema:genre article
    12 schema:inLanguage en
    13 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    14 schema:isPartOf N48f69783f3c94b2b980c5de82f12628d
    15 N4a987755fe2f46d7aa8b563fc4ef15c4
    16 sg:journal.1136592
    17 schema:keywords ANN
    18 Perfunctory attempts
    19 addition
    20 air overpressure
    21 attempt
    22 avoidance
    23 avoidance of reporting
    24 bench blasting
    25 better prediction
    26 blaster
    27 blasting
    28 civil construction
    29 comparison
    30 comprehensive review
    31 consequent constraints
    32 constituents
    33 constraints
    34 construction
    35 data
    36 density
    37 domain
    38 end
    39 error
    40 essential constituent
    41 experimentation
    42 flyrock
    43 flyrock range
    44 fragmentation
    45 fragments
    46 future investigations
    47 heaving
    48 holistic plane
    49 improper prediction
    50 infancy
    51 investigation
    52 issues
    53 lack
    54 lack of data
    55 lacunae
    56 main errors
    57 main reason
    58 major role
    59 mass properties
    60 measures
    61 methodology
    62 mine
    63 model
    64 overpressure
    65 paper
    66 plane
    67 prediction
    68 prediction of flyrock
    69 predictive domain
    70 problem
    71 properties
    72 range
    73 reasons
    74 reporting
    75 research
    76 researchers
    77 restriction
    78 review
    79 rock fragments
    80 rock mass properties
    81 rocks
    82 role
    83 statutory restrictions
    84 subjects
    85 subsequent vibration
    86 throw
    87 throw of rock
    88 totality
    89 understanding
    90 unwanted throw
    91 vibration
    92 schema:name Flyrock in bench blasting: a comprehensive review
    93 schema:pagination 1199-1209
    94 schema:productId N38908ad451444aac89507080064a1f80
    95 N4d042959a7ca42df992fe2c53f5ddc48
    96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002537991
    97 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6
    98 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:34
    99 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    100 schema:sdPublisher N9195079b9e69418c87765c84ee4cb83c
    101 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6
    102 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    103 sgo:sdDataset articles
    104 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    105 N38908ad451444aac89507080064a1f80 schema:name doi
    106 schema:value 10.1007/s10064-014-0588-6
    107 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    108 N48f69783f3c94b2b980c5de82f12628d schema:issueNumber 4
    109 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    110 N4a987755fe2f46d7aa8b563fc4ef15c4 schema:volumeNumber 73
    111 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    112 N4d042959a7ca42df992fe2c53f5ddc48 schema:name dimensions_id
    113 schema:value pub.1002537991
    114 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    115 N4e4386ae7c364999aa5f9741b3947f85 rdf:first sg:person.016057344207.77
    116 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    117 N6195c43354c44c688b840d791c198912 rdf:first sg:person.01300763324.89
    118 rdf:rest N773922b9510d4caaa56c9b21e93c3adf
    119 N773922b9510d4caaa56c9b21e93c3adf rdf:first sg:person.014464403207.55
    120 rdf:rest N4e4386ae7c364999aa5f9741b3947f85
    121 N9195079b9e69418c87765c84ee4cb83c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    122 rdf:type schema:Organization
    123 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    124 schema:name Engineering
    125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    126 anzsrc-for:0914 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    127 schema:name Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy
    128 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    129 sg:journal.1136592 schema:issn 1435-9529
    130 1435-9537
    131 schema:name Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
    132 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    133 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    134 sg:person.01300763324.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    135 schema:familyName Raina
    136 schema:givenName A. K.
    137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01300763324.89
    138 rdf:type schema:Person
    139 sg:person.014464403207.55 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417984.7
    140 schema:familyName Murthy
    141 schema:givenName V. M. S. R.
    142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014464403207.55
    143 rdf:type schema:Person
    144 sg:person.016057344207.77 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417984.7
    145 schema:familyName Soni
    146 schema:givenName A. K.
    147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016057344207.77
    148 rdf:type schema:Person
    149 sg:pub.10.1007/bf03167425 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024406111
    150 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03167425
    151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    152 sg:pub.10.1007/s00521-011-0631-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039536792
    153 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-011-0631-5
    154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    155 sg:pub.10.1007/s006030050049 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044493601
    156 https://doi.org/10.1007/s006030050049
    157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    158 sg:pub.10.1007/s10064-010-0298-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010242509
    159 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-010-0298-7
    160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    161 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Regional Centre Unit-I, CSIR—Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, 3rd Floor MECL Complex, Seminary Hills, 440 006, Nagpur, India
    162 schema:name Regional Centre Unit-I, CSIR—Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, 3rd Floor MECL Complex, Seminary Hills, 440 006, Nagpur, India
    163 rdf:type schema:Organization
    164 grid-institutes:grid.417984.7 schema:alternateName Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, 826 008, Dhanbad, India
    165 schema:name Department of Mining Engineering, Indian School of Mines, 826 008, Dhanbad, India
    166 Regional Centre Unit-I, CSIR—Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, 3rd Floor MECL Complex, Seminary Hills, 440 006, Nagpur, India
    167 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...