An analytical method for predicting the groundwater inflow to tunnels in a fractured aquifer View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-05-21

AUTHORS

Yue Su, Yong Huang, Huan Shen, Yin Jiang, Zhifang Zhou

ABSTRACT

Based on the fracture network model and the cubic law of a single fracture with laminar flow, a method suitable for calculating hydraulic-head distribution and flow behaviors in fractures was developed. The method regards the rock matrix as an impermeable medium, and groundwater only flows in the network formed by the fractures and faults. The equivalent porous medium approach can be used to consider fractured or fault zones in the traditional analytical methods. The proposed approach assumes that the discrete fractured aquifer behavior is equivalent to porous media behavior and, therefore, any fractured or fault zones can be considered using a layer with much higher hydraulic conductivity than that of the intact rock. A case study in Jiangsu Province, China, was employed to verify the applicability and effectiveness of the method, and the influences of fracture orientation and tunnel slope on water inflow were evaluated. The method was applied to the prediction of water inflow to tunnels in the Liyang pumped-storage power station, and the water inflow calculated with this method was compared with the observed inflow. The results show that, compared with the traditional methods, the proposed method incurs only small errors and fits measured values well. It can be applied to the prediction of tunnel inflow in fractured rock mass, especially in areas where the permeability of fractures and faults is much greater than that of the rock matrix. More... »

PAGES

1279-1293

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-03-06. Rough evaluation of the water-inflow discharge in abandoned mining tunnels using a simplified water balance model: the case of the Cogne iron mine (Aosta Valley, NW Italy) in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2018-08-03. Prediction of water inflow to mechanized tunnels during tunnel-boring-machine advance using numerical simulation in HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL
  • 2017-07. Water inflow forecasting for tunnel considering nonlinear variation of permeability coefficient in JOURNAL OF CENTRAL SOUTH UNIVERSITY
  • 2010-11-03. An empirical equation for tunnel inflow assessment: application to sedimentary rock masses in HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL
  • 2016-05-23. Forecasting and prevention of water inrush during the excavation process of a diversion tunnel at the Jinping II Hydropower Station, China in SPRINGERPLUS
  • 2021-02-20. A new analytical method for determination of discharge duration in tunnels subjected to groundwater inrush in BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
  • 2021-01-05. Evolution of Water Hazard Control Technology in China’s Coal Mines in MINE WATER AND THE ENVIRONMENT
  • 2010-05-11. Hydrogeological analysis and salvage of a deep coalmine after a groundwater inrush in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2013-02-08. Tunnelling and Hydrogeological Issues: A Short Review of the Current State of the Art in ROCK MECHANICS AND ROCK ENGINEERING
  • 2014. FEFLOW, Finite Element Modeling of Flow, Mass and Heat Transport in Porous and Fractured Media in NONE
  • 2018-01-31. Estimation of the REV Size and Equivalent Permeability Coefficient of Fractured Rock Masses with an Emphasis on Comparing the Radial and Unidirectional Flow Configurations in ROCK MECHANICS AND ROCK ENGINEERING
  • 2015-10-08. Numerical analysis of steady-state groundwater inflow into Tabriz line 2 metro tunnel, northwestern Iran, with special consideration of model dimensions in BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
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