Assessing perched aquifer vulnerability using modified DRASTIC: a case study of colliery waste in north-east England (UK) View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-28

AUTHORS

Mahmoud Moustafa

ABSTRACT

DRASTIC is a commonly used approach for delineating areas that are vulnerable to contamination. This study examines the suitability of DRASTIC for evaluating the vulnerability of groundwater inside a colliery spoil-heap to contamination. The standard DRASTIC approach was modified according to the environmental conditions of spoil heaps that introduce contaminants to the environment. The parameter layers used in DRASTIC are depth to water, net recharge, aquifer media, soil media, topography, impact of the vadose zone and hydraulic conductivity. The values of the hydrogeological parameters used in DRASTIC were obtained from eight exploration boreholes drilled in a spoil heap in Northumberland, England (UK). The estimated DRASTIC vulnerability score was then mapped. Sensitivity analysis of the DRASTIC parameters and validation were implemented. The results indicated that, contrary to the DRASTIC assumptions, the contaminants were not introduced at ground surface, but instead were mainly initiated in the soil, vadose and aquifer zones. Consequently, these zones should receive high values of DRASTIC weights and rates. Zones characterized by low permeability and low recharge represent contaminant hot spots inside the spoil heap, and both parameters in these areas should also receive high values of weights and rates. Sensitivity analysis revealed that the soil, vadose zone, aquifer media, hydraulic conductivity and net recharge are the most controlling parameters with respect to vulnerability. The produced vulnerability map has a high degree of compatibility with the measured contaminant concentrations in the spoil. Thus, the standard DRASTIC approach should be modified before its application to mining waste spoil heaps. More... »

PAGES

1-14

References to SciGraph publications

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