Overview of groundwater sources and water-supply systems, and associated microbial pollution, in Finland, Norway and Iceland View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-03-09

AUTHORS

Bjørn Kløve, Hanne Margrethe Lund Kvitsand, Tarja Pitkänen, Maria J. Gunnarsdottir, Sylvi Gaut, Sigurdur M. Gardarsson, Pekka M. Rossi, Ilkka Miettinen

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of groundwater systems and groundwater contamination in Finland, Norway and Iceland are presented, as they relate to outbreaks of disease. Disparities among the Nordic countries in the approach to providing safe drinking water from groundwater are discussed, and recommendations are given for the future. Groundwater recharge is typically high in autumn or winter months or after snowmelt in the coldest regions. Most inland aquifers are unconfined and therefore vulnerable to pollution, but they are often without much anthropogenic influence and the water quality is good. In coastal zones, previously emplaced marine sediments may confine and protect aquifers to some extent. However, the water quality in these aquifers is highly variable, as the coastal regions are also most influenced by agriculture, sea-water intrusion and urban settlements resulting in challenging conditions for water abstraction and supply. Groundwater is typically extracted from Quaternary deposits for small and medium municipalities, from bedrock for single households, and from surface water for the largest cities, except for Iceland, which relies almost entirely on groundwater for public supply. Managed aquifer recharge, with or without prior water treatment, is widely used in Finland to extend present groundwater resources. Especially at small utilities, groundwater is often supplied without treatment. Despite generally good water quality, microbial contamination has occurred, principally by norovirus and Campylobacter, with larger outbreaks resulting from sewage contamination, cross-connections into drinking water supplies, heavy rainfall events, and ingress of polluted surface water to groundwater. More... »

PAGES

1033-1044

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084023647


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0406", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0907", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10858.34", 
          "name": [
            "Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kl\u00f8ve", 
        "givenName": "Bj\u00f8rn", 
        "id": "sg:person.0626200705.17", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626200705.17"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Asplan Viak, Tempevegen 22, Postboks 6723, NO-7490, Trondheim, Norway", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.432487.e", 
          "name": [
            "Asplan Viak, Tempevegen 22, Postboks 6723, NO-7490, Trondheim, Norway"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kvitsand", 
        "givenName": "Hanne Margrethe Lund", 
        "id": "sg:person.01360333751.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360333751.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701, Kuopio, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14758.3f", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701, Kuopio, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pitk\u00e4nen", 
        "givenName": "Tarja", 
        "id": "sg:person.01166616414.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166616414.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 5, 107, Reykjavik, Iceland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14013.37", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 5, 107, Reykjavik, Iceland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gunnarsdottir", 
        "givenName": "Maria J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01075324021.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075324021.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sweco Norge AS, Professor Brochs gate 2, NO-7030, Trondheim, Norway", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Sweco Norge AS, Professor Brochs gate 2, NO-7030, Trondheim, Norway"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gaut", 
        "givenName": "Sylvi", 
        "id": "sg:person.0702213473.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0702213473.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 5, 107, Reykjavik, Iceland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14013.37", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 5, 107, Reykjavik, Iceland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gardarsson", 
        "givenName": "Sigurdur M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01141555177.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01141555177.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10858.34", 
          "name": [
            "Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rossi", 
        "givenName": "Pekka M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011741013433.47", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011741013433.47"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701, Kuopio, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14758.3f", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701, Kuopio, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Miettinen", 
        "givenName": "Ilkka", 
        "id": "sg:person.01115424666.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01115424666.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00478358", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036921513", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00478358"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-004-0351-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049195288", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-004-0351-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13280-010-0102-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019407568", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0102-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12940-015-0014-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026335676", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12940-015-0014-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-014-1127-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047719077", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-014-1127-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-8-128", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026337660", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-8-128"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11269-008-9250-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028747674", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-008-9250-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-004-0396-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046642151", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-004-0396-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-009-0529-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007907716", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-009-0529-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2017-03-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2017-03-09", 
    "description": "The characteristics of groundwater systems and groundwater contamination in Finland, Norway and Iceland are presented, as they relate to outbreaks of disease. Disparities among the Nordic countries in the approach to providing safe drinking water from groundwater are discussed, and recommendations are given for the future. Groundwater recharge is typically high in autumn or winter months or after snowmelt in the coldest regions. Most inland aquifers are unconfined and therefore vulnerable to pollution, but they are often without much anthropogenic influence and the water quality is good. In coastal zones, previously emplaced marine sediments may confine and protect aquifers to some extent. However, the water quality in these aquifers is highly variable, as the coastal regions are also most influenced by agriculture, sea-water intrusion and urban settlements resulting in challenging conditions for water abstraction and supply. Groundwater is typically extracted from Quaternary deposits for small and medium municipalities, from bedrock for single households, and from surface water for the largest cities, except for Iceland, which relies almost entirely on groundwater for public supply. Managed aquifer recharge, with or without prior water treatment, is widely used in Finland to extend present groundwater resources. Especially at small utilities, groundwater is often supplied without treatment. Despite generally good water quality, microbial contamination has occurred, principally by norovirus and Campylobacter, with larger outbreaks resulting from sewage contamination, cross-connections into drinking water supplies, heavy rainfall events, and ingress of polluted surface water to groundwater.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1047968", 
        "issn": [
          "1431-2174", 
          "1435-0157"
        ], 
        "name": "Hydrogeology Journal", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "25"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "water quality", 
      "surface water", 
      "sea water intrusion", 
      "heavy rainfall events", 
      "polluted surface water", 
      "good water quality", 
      "inland aquifers", 
      "Quaternary deposits", 
      "groundwater recharge", 
      "groundwater system", 
      "rainfall events", 
      "aquifer recharge", 
      "groundwater resources", 
      "marine sediments", 
      "coastal zone", 
      "anthropogenic influences", 
      "groundwater sources", 
      "coastal regions", 
      "water abstraction", 
      "groundwater contamination", 
      "groundwater", 
      "public supply", 
      "aquifer", 
      "winter months", 
      "sewage contamination", 
      "water supply", 
      "water supply system", 
      "Iceland", 
      "recharge", 
      "medium municipalities", 
      "cold regions", 
      "microbial pollution", 
      "water", 
      "urban settlements", 
      "contamination", 
      "pollution", 
      "snowmelt", 
      "sediments", 
      "bedrock", 
      "intrusion", 
      "deposits", 
      "Norway", 
      "safe drinking water", 
      "supply", 
      "zone", 
      "Finland", 
      "region", 
      "autumn", 
      "drinking water", 
      "large cities", 
      "events", 
      "settlement", 
      "source", 
      "ingress", 
      "agriculture", 
      "extent", 
      "city", 
      "influence", 
      "conditions", 
      "resources", 
      "future", 
      "characteristics", 
      "quality", 
      "system", 
      "challenging conditions", 
      "water treatment", 
      "microbial contamination", 
      "abstraction", 
      "municipalities", 
      "Nordic countries", 
      "overview", 
      "outbreak", 
      "months", 
      "approach", 
      "utility", 
      "countries", 
      "disparities", 
      "outbreaks of disease", 
      "small utilities", 
      "recommendations", 
      "single households", 
      "households", 
      "norovirus", 
      "treatment", 
      "large outbreak", 
      "Campylobacter", 
      "disease"
    ], 
    "name": "Overview of groundwater sources and water-supply systems, and associated microbial pollution, in Finland, Norway and Iceland", 
    "pagination": "1033-1044", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1084023647"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084023647"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-11-24T21:01", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221124/entities/gbq_results/article/article_719.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

249 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      122 URIs      103 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0406
3 anzsrc-for:09
4 anzsrc-for:0907
5 schema:author Nce597f9663894198b71e9346ed0347a1
6 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00478358
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-004-0351-3
8 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-004-0396-3
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-009-0529-9
10 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-014-1127-z
11 sg:pub.10.1007/s11269-008-9250-z
12 sg:pub.10.1007/s13280-010-0102-8
13 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-8-128
14 sg:pub.10.1186/s12940-015-0014-y
15 schema:datePublished 2017-03-09
16 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-03-09
17 schema:description The characteristics of groundwater systems and groundwater contamination in Finland, Norway and Iceland are presented, as they relate to outbreaks of disease. Disparities among the Nordic countries in the approach to providing safe drinking water from groundwater are discussed, and recommendations are given for the future. Groundwater recharge is typically high in autumn or winter months or after snowmelt in the coldest regions. Most inland aquifers are unconfined and therefore vulnerable to pollution, but they are often without much anthropogenic influence and the water quality is good. In coastal zones, previously emplaced marine sediments may confine and protect aquifers to some extent. However, the water quality in these aquifers is highly variable, as the coastal regions are also most influenced by agriculture, sea-water intrusion and urban settlements resulting in challenging conditions for water abstraction and supply. Groundwater is typically extracted from Quaternary deposits for small and medium municipalities, from bedrock for single households, and from surface water for the largest cities, except for Iceland, which relies almost entirely on groundwater for public supply. Managed aquifer recharge, with or without prior water treatment, is widely used in Finland to extend present groundwater resources. Especially at small utilities, groundwater is often supplied without treatment. Despite generally good water quality, microbial contamination has occurred, principally by norovirus and Campylobacter, with larger outbreaks resulting from sewage contamination, cross-connections into drinking water supplies, heavy rainfall events, and ingress of polluted surface water to groundwater.
18 schema:genre article
19 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
20 schema:isPartOf N392e8e3dd3fc4018ae0a4b6eddf4faeb
21 Nb2384aeac19e4592b4edebc4cfc797ef
22 sg:journal.1047968
23 schema:keywords Campylobacter
24 Finland
25 Iceland
26 Nordic countries
27 Norway
28 Quaternary deposits
29 abstraction
30 agriculture
31 anthropogenic influences
32 approach
33 aquifer
34 aquifer recharge
35 autumn
36 bedrock
37 challenging conditions
38 characteristics
39 city
40 coastal regions
41 coastal zone
42 cold regions
43 conditions
44 contamination
45 countries
46 deposits
47 disease
48 disparities
49 drinking water
50 events
51 extent
52 future
53 good water quality
54 groundwater
55 groundwater contamination
56 groundwater recharge
57 groundwater resources
58 groundwater sources
59 groundwater system
60 heavy rainfall events
61 households
62 influence
63 ingress
64 inland aquifers
65 intrusion
66 large cities
67 large outbreak
68 marine sediments
69 medium municipalities
70 microbial contamination
71 microbial pollution
72 months
73 municipalities
74 norovirus
75 outbreak
76 outbreaks of disease
77 overview
78 polluted surface water
79 pollution
80 public supply
81 quality
82 rainfall events
83 recharge
84 recommendations
85 region
86 resources
87 safe drinking water
88 sea water intrusion
89 sediments
90 settlement
91 sewage contamination
92 single households
93 small utilities
94 snowmelt
95 source
96 supply
97 surface water
98 system
99 treatment
100 urban settlements
101 utility
102 water
103 water abstraction
104 water quality
105 water supply
106 water supply system
107 water treatment
108 winter months
109 zone
110 schema:name Overview of groundwater sources and water-supply systems, and associated microbial pollution, in Finland, Norway and Iceland
111 schema:pagination 1033-1044
112 schema:productId N0fdd38e322f84441b78b1ff3a8a7e91b
113 N4afa7562dbd44439a59f16e164fa6bf7
114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084023647
115 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x
116 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-11-24T21:01
117 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
118 schema:sdPublisher N1999d3a3b9fb443bbb7a5941c24455b1
119 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x
120 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
121 sgo:sdDataset articles
122 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
123 N0fdd38e322f84441b78b1ff3a8a7e91b schema:name dimensions_id
124 schema:value pub.1084023647
125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
126 N126674f0f69d4651a9064ba8954b5a45 rdf:first sg:person.01115424666.88
127 rdf:rest rdf:nil
128 N1999d3a3b9fb443bbb7a5941c24455b1 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
129 rdf:type schema:Organization
130 N372c5f76085e41ebb647fa4a0df37bd1 rdf:first sg:person.0702213473.03
131 rdf:rest N7a11b256be7d4838b50450bbe31518c0
132 N392e8e3dd3fc4018ae0a4b6eddf4faeb schema:issueNumber 4
133 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
134 N4afa7562dbd44439a59f16e164fa6bf7 schema:name doi
135 schema:value 10.1007/s10040-017-1552-x
136 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
137 N6a53eb60dffe45229e68ccd0a3c3126f rdf:first sg:person.011741013433.47
138 rdf:rest N126674f0f69d4651a9064ba8954b5a45
139 N7a11b256be7d4838b50450bbe31518c0 rdf:first sg:person.01141555177.89
140 rdf:rest N6a53eb60dffe45229e68ccd0a3c3126f
141 N8d42d1a730dd4bd0a390e5890525e863 rdf:first sg:person.01166616414.24
142 rdf:rest Ncf3a935f0df24e0886b62ac8cdfd2c59
143 N9f7a36e45a534dab9408a46d85d82b8d rdf:first sg:person.01360333751.32
144 rdf:rest N8d42d1a730dd4bd0a390e5890525e863
145 Nb2384aeac19e4592b4edebc4cfc797ef schema:volumeNumber 25
146 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
147 Nce597f9663894198b71e9346ed0347a1 rdf:first sg:person.0626200705.17
148 rdf:rest N9f7a36e45a534dab9408a46d85d82b8d
149 Ncf3a935f0df24e0886b62ac8cdfd2c59 rdf:first sg:person.01075324021.18
150 rdf:rest N372c5f76085e41ebb647fa4a0df37bd1
151 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
152 schema:name Earth Sciences
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 anzsrc-for:0406 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
155 schema:name Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
157 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
158 schema:name Engineering
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 anzsrc-for:0907 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
161 schema:name Environmental Engineering
162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
163 sg:journal.1047968 schema:issn 1431-2174
164 1435-0157
165 schema:name Hydrogeology Journal
166 schema:publisher Springer Nature
167 rdf:type schema:Periodical
168 sg:person.01075324021.18 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14013.37
169 schema:familyName Gunnarsdottir
170 schema:givenName Maria J.
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075324021.18
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.01115424666.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14758.3f
174 schema:familyName Miettinen
175 schema:givenName Ilkka
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01115424666.88
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:person.01141555177.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14013.37
179 schema:familyName Gardarsson
180 schema:givenName Sigurdur M.
181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01141555177.89
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 sg:person.01166616414.24 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14758.3f
184 schema:familyName Pitkänen
185 schema:givenName Tarja
186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166616414.24
187 rdf:type schema:Person
188 sg:person.011741013433.47 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10858.34
189 schema:familyName Rossi
190 schema:givenName Pekka M.
191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011741013433.47
192 rdf:type schema:Person
193 sg:person.01360333751.32 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.432487.e
194 schema:familyName Kvitsand
195 schema:givenName Hanne Margrethe Lund
196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360333751.32
197 rdf:type schema:Person
198 sg:person.0626200705.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10858.34
199 schema:familyName Kløve
200 schema:givenName Bjørn
201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626200705.17
202 rdf:type schema:Person
203 sg:person.0702213473.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
204 schema:familyName Gaut
205 schema:givenName Sylvi
206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0702213473.03
207 rdf:type schema:Person
208 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00478358 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036921513
209 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00478358
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-004-0351-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049195288
212 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-004-0351-3
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-004-0396-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046642151
215 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-004-0396-3
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-009-0529-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007907716
218 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-009-0529-9
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-014-1127-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047719077
221 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-014-1127-z
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 sg:pub.10.1007/s11269-008-9250-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028747674
224 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-008-9250-z
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 sg:pub.10.1007/s13280-010-0102-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019407568
227 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0102-8
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-8-128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026337660
230 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-8-128
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 sg:pub.10.1186/s12940-015-0014-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026335676
233 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12940-015-0014-y
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Sweco Norge AS, Professor Brochs gate 2, NO-7030, Trondheim, Norway
236 schema:name Sweco Norge AS, Professor Brochs gate 2, NO-7030, Trondheim, Norway
237 rdf:type schema:Organization
238 grid-institutes:grid.10858.34 schema:alternateName Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
239 schema:name Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Research, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 8000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland
240 rdf:type schema:Organization
241 grid-institutes:grid.14013.37 schema:alternateName Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 5, 107, Reykjavik, Iceland
242 schema:name Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 5, 107, Reykjavik, Iceland
243 rdf:type schema:Organization
244 grid-institutes:grid.14758.3f schema:alternateName National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701, Kuopio, Finland
245 schema:name National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 95, FI-70701, Kuopio, Finland
246 rdf:type schema:Organization
247 grid-institutes:grid.432487.e schema:alternateName Asplan Viak, Tempevegen 22, Postboks 6723, NO-7490, Trondheim, Norway
248 schema:name Asplan Viak, Tempevegen 22, Postboks 6723, NO-7490, Trondheim, Norway
249 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...