Genetic variants of FOXA2 : risk of type 2 diabetes and effect on metabolic traits in North Indians View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-12

AUTHORS

Rubina Tabassum, Sreenivas Chavali, Om Prakash Dwivedi, Nikhil Tandon, Dwaipayan Bharadwaj

ABSTRACT

Here, we examined the association of genetic variants of FOXA2, an upstream activator of the beta-cell transcription factor network, with type 2 diabetes and related phenotypes in North India. We genotyped three SNPs (rs1212275, rs1055080, rs6048205) and the (TCC)( n ) repeat polymorphism in 1,656 participants comprising 1,031 patients with type 2 diabetes and 625 controls. SNPs rs1212275 and rs6048205 were uncommon (MAF < 5%) with similar distribution among patients and controls. We found a strong association of (TCC)( n ) common allele A5 with type 2 diabetes [OR = 1.66 (95% CI 1.36-2.04, p = 5.9 x 10(-7)) for A5 homozygotes]. Obese individuals with A5A5 genotype had enhanced risk when segregated from normal-weight subjects [OR = 1.92 (95% CI 1.47-2.51), p = 1.6 x 10(-6)]. A5 was also nominally associated with higher fasting glucose (p = 0.02) and lower fasting insulin (p = 0.0028) and C-peptide (p = 0.036) levels among controls. At the rs1055080 locus, GG was found to provide reduced risk among normal-weight subjects [OR = 0.59 (95% CI 0.40-0.88), p = 0.011]. Combination of protective GG and non-risk genotypes of (TCC)( n ) showed reduced risk of type 2 diabetes both among normal-weight [OR = 0.43 (95% CI 0.29-0.65), p = 1.2 x 10(-6)] and obese individuals [0.47 (95% CI 0.34-0.64), p = 4.3 x 10(-5)]. For the first time we demonstrated that FOXA2 variants may affect risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits in North India, however replication analyses in other cohorts are required to confirm the findings. More... »

PAGES

957

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10038-008-0335-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10038-008-0335-6

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18797817


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