Effect of +36T > C in intron 1 on the glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1 gene and its contribution to type ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-09-26

AUTHORS

Kiyoshi Kunika, Toshihito Tanahashi, Eiji Kudo, Noriko Mizusawa, Eiichiro Ichiishi, Naoto Nakamura, Toshikazu Yoshikawa, Takashi Yamaoka, Hiroaki Yasumo, Kazue Tsugawa, Maki Moritani, Hiroshi Inoue, Mitsuo Itakura

ABSTRACT

Glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1 (GFPT1) acts as a rate-limiting enzyme in the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, which is an alternative branch of glucose metabolism. To evaluate GFPT1 as a susceptibility gene to type 2 diabetes, we surveyed the polymorphisms related with the gene function of GFPT1 and assessed its contribution to type 2 diabetes with a case-control association study. Screening of the 5′-flanking and all coding regions of GFPT1 revealed eight polymorphisms, one in the 5′-flanking region, one synonymous polymorphism in exon 8, five in introns and one in 3′-UTR, but no mis-sense or non-sense polymorphism. With in silico simulation, a putative promoter region was apparently predicted between 1 kb upstream and 1 kb downstream of the start codon. In this region, +36T > C polymorphism was located on the GC box sequence in intron 1, and its functional effect on promoter activity was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay, introducing a new functional polymorphism of the GFPT1 gene. To examine its association with type 2 diabetes, we analyzed 2,763 Japanese (1,461 controls and 1,302 cases) and 330 Caucasians (190 controls and 140 cases). One possible association of +36T > C was observed in Caucasians, but no association of polymorphisms including +36T > C in intron 1 or haplotypes was observed in Japanese. Although we could not completely rule out a contribution to specific sub-groups or other populations, genetic variation of GFPT1 is unlikely to have a major role in the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in Japanese. More... »

PAGES

1100-1109

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Human Genetics

ISSUE

12

VOLUME

51

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10038-006-0072-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10038-006-0072-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044513496

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17024311


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34 schema:description Glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1 (GFPT1) acts as a rate-limiting enzyme in the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, which is an alternative branch of glucose metabolism. To evaluate GFPT1 as a susceptibility gene to type 2 diabetes, we surveyed the polymorphisms related with the gene function of GFPT1 and assessed its contribution to type 2 diabetes with a case-control association study. Screening of the 5′-flanking and all coding regions of GFPT1 revealed eight polymorphisms, one in the 5′-flanking region, one synonymous polymorphism in exon 8, five in introns and one in 3′-UTR, but no mis-sense or non-sense polymorphism. With in silico simulation, a putative promoter region was apparently predicted between 1 kb upstream and 1 kb downstream of the start codon. In this region, +36T > C polymorphism was located on the GC box sequence in intron 1, and its functional effect on promoter activity was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay, introducing a new functional polymorphism of the GFPT1 gene. To examine its association with type 2 diabetes, we analyzed 2,763 Japanese (1,461 controls and 1,302 cases) and 330 Caucasians (190 controls and 140 cases). One possible association of +36T > C was observed in Caucasians, but no association of polymorphisms including +36T > C in intron 1 or haplotypes was observed in Japanese. Although we could not completely rule out a contribution to specific sub-groups or other populations, genetic variation of GFPT1 is unlikely to have a major role in the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in Japanese.
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