Canopy Carbon Gain and Water Use: Analysis of Old-growth Conifers in the Pacific Northwest View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-08

AUTHORS

William E. Winner, Sean C. Thomas, Joseph A. Berry, Barbara J. Bond, Clifton E. Cooper, Thomas M. Hinckley, James R. Ehleringer, Julianna E. Fessenden, Brian Lamb, Sarah McCarthy, Nate G. McDowell, Nathan Phillips, Mathew Williams

ABSTRACT

This report summarizes our current knowledge of leaf-level physiological processes that regulate carbon gain and water loss of the dominant tree species in an old-growth forest at the Wind River Canopy Crane Research Facility. Analysis includes measurements of photosynthesis, respiration, stomatal conductance, water potential, stable carbon isotope values, and biogenic hydrocarbon emissions from Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), and western red cedar (Thuja plicata). Leaf-level information is used to scale fluxes up to the canopy to estimate gross primary production using a physiology-based process model. Both light-saturated and in situ photosynthesis exhibit pronounced vertical gradients through the canopy, but are consistently highest in Douglas-fir, intermediate in western hemlock, and lowest in western red cedar. Net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance are strongly dependent on vapor-pressure deficit in Douglas-fir, and decline through the course of a seasonal drought. Foliar respiration is similar for Douglas-fir and western hemlock, and lowest for western red cedar. Water-use efficiency varied with species and tree height, as indexed using stable carbon isotopes values for foliage. Leaf water potential is most negative for Douglas-fir and similar for western hemlock and western red cedar. Terpene fluxes from foliage equal approximately 1% of the net carbon loss from the forest. Modeled estimates based on physiological measurements show gross primary productivity (GPP) to be about 22 Mg C m−2 y−1. Physiological studies will be necessary to further refine estimates of stand-level carbon balance and to make long-term predictions of changes in carbon balance due to changes in forest structure, species composition, and climate. More... »

PAGES

482-497

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10021-004-0139-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10021-004-0139-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006731576


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