The Prostacyclin Analog Beraprost Sodium Augments the Efficacy of Therapeutic Angiogenesis Induced by Autologous Bone Marrow Cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-09

AUTHORS

Hiroyuki Otsuka, Hidetoshi Akashi, Toyoaki Murohara, Teiji Okazaki, Satoshi Shintani, Keiichiro Tayama, Ken-ichiro Sasaki, Tsutomu Imaizumi, Shigeaki Aoyagi

ABSTRACT

Implantation of autologous bone marrow (BM) mononuclear cells (MNCs) has been shown to augment neovascular formation in ischemic tissues in experimental animals and in humans. Prostaglandin derivatives improve the symptoms of patients with critical limb ischemia, possibly by their vasodilating and antiplatelet actions. We therefore examined whether therapeutic angiogenesis by implantation of autologous BM-MNCs would be enhanced by beraprost sodium (BPS), using a rabbit ischemic hindlimb model. Ischemia was induced by surgical resection of the left femoral artery. Twenty-five New Zealand white rabbits were divided into four groups. The first group (BM group, n = 4) received autologous BM-MNCs (2 x 10(6)/animal) implanted into the ischemic tissue 1 week after limb ischemia. The second group (BM+BPS group, n = 8) received BPS injected into the dorsal skin (300 microg/kg daily) starting 1 week before limb surgery. This group received BM-MNC implantation 1 week after surgery. Daily injection of BPS was continued until the end of the protocol. The third group (BPS group, n = 8) received BPS injected into the dorsal skin (600 microg/kg daily) starting 1 week before limb surgery. The fourth group received saline as a control (n = 4). The extent of angiogenesis in the ischemic hindlimb was assessed using the angiographic score (AS), ischemic/normal limb calf blood pressure ratio (CBPR), and tissue capillary density. Four weeks after limb ischemia, the ischemic/normal CBPR was highest in the BM+BPS group, followed by the BPS, BM, and control groups (0.56 +/- 0.16, 0.51 +/- 0.25, 0.44 +/- 0.15, and 0.30 +/- 0.10, respectively). The AS was also the greatest in the BM+BP group, followed by the BM, BP, and S group (1.63 +/-0.21, 1.31 +/- 0.25, 1.26 +/- 0.21 and 0.80 +/- 0.10, respectively). The TCD was greatest in the BM+BP group, followed in by the BM, BP, and S group? (46 +/- 4.1, 34 +/- 0.7, 33 +/- 6.9, and 19 +/- 1.8 per field, respectively). BP treatment is an effective means to enhance the efficacy of therapeutic angiogenesis induced by autologous BM-MNCs implantation in ischemic hindlimb tissues. More... »

PAGES

646-652

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10016-006-9100-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10016-006-9100-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021599624

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16847717


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