Morphology of the epithelium of the lower rectum and the anal canal in the adult human View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-06

AUTHORS

Eiichi Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Noguchi, Kaoruko Nagai, Yuichi Akashi, Katsunobu Kawahara, Tatsuo Shimada

ABSTRACT

The anal canal is an important body part clinically. However, there is no agreement about the epithelium of the anal canal, the anal transitional zone (ATZ) epithelium in particular. The aim of this study is to clarify the structure of the epithelium of the human lower rectum and anal canal. Intact rectum and anus obtained from patients who underwent surgery for rectal carcinoma were examined by light and scanning electron microscopy (LM and SEM). By LM, three types of epithelium were observed in the anal canal: simple columnar epithelium, stratified squamous epithelium, and stratified columnar epithelium. The lower rectum was composed of simple columnar epithelium. SEM findings showed stratified squamous epithelium that consisted of squamous cells with microridges, changing to simple columnar epithelium consisting of columnar cells with short microvilli at the anorectal line. LM and SEM observations in a one-to-one ratio revealed that the area of stratified columnar epithelium based on LM corresponded to the anal crypt and sinus. In conclusion, the epithelium of the human anal canal was fundamentally composed of simple columnar epithelium and stratified squamous epithelium. We found no evidence of the ATZ. More... »

PAGES

72-79

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00795-011-0541-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00795-011-0541-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033656126

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22718291


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