Pigment production by cold-adapted bacteria and fungi: colorful tale of cryosphere with wide range applications View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-06-01

AUTHORS

Wasim Sajjad, Ghufranud Din, Muhammad Rafiq, Awais Iqbal, Suliman Khan, Sahib Zada, Barkat Ali, Shichang Kang

ABSTRACT

Pigments are an essential part of everyday life on Earth with rapidly growing industrial and biomedical applications. Synthetic pigments account for a major portion of these pigments that in turn have deleterious effects on public health and environment. Such drawbacks of synthetic pigments have shifted the trend to use natural pigments that are considered as the best alternative to synthetic pigments due to their significant properties. Natural pigments from microorganisms are of great interest due to their broader applications in the pharmaceutical, food, and textile industry with increasing demand among the consumers opting for natural pigments. To fulfill the market demand of natural pigments new sources should be explored. Cold-adapted bacteria and fungi in the cryosphere produce a variety of pigments as a protective strategy against ecological stresses such as low temperature, oxidative stresses, and ultraviolet radiation making them a potential source for natural pigment production. This review highlights the protective strategies and pigment production by cold-adapted bacteria and fungi, their industrial and biomedical applications, condition optimization for maximum pigment extraction as well as the challenges facing in the exploitation of cryospheric microorganisms for pigment extraction that hopefully will provide valuable information, direction, and progress in forthcoming studies. More... »

PAGES

447-473

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00792-020-01180-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00792-020-01180-2

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32488508


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