Optimal timing for type C3 thoracic fractures with posterior surgical approach: a retrospective cohort study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-04-16

AUTHORS

Haiping Zhang, Qinpeng Zhao, Baorong He, Jijun Liu, Dingjun Hao, Hua Guo

ABSTRACT

BackgroundType C3 thoracic fracture is a severe spinal injury, but one that is clinically rare, and there are few reports pertaining to the treatment of this type of fracture. No consensus has been achieved on the proper timing of spine fracture fixation; therefore, we focused on evaluating the surgical effects using a posterior approach and determining the influence of surgical timing on surgical outcomes.MethodsThis was a retrospective cohort study of 36 cases of type C3 thoracic fracture in patients admitted to the hospital from April 2005 to October 2012, and who were divided into two groups according to the timing of surgery: early fixation (<72 h) and late fixation (>72 h). Surgical outcomes were analyzed based on surgery duration, intraoperative blood loss, intensive care unit and hospital stay, mortality rate, and complications.ResultsThere were 13 patients in the early fixation group and 23 patients in the late fixation group. Patients were treated with posterior decompression, intervertebral titanium mesh support, pedicle screw fixation, and fusion. All fractures involved a single segment: T7/T8 (8 patients), T9/T10 (11 patients), and T11/T12 (17 patients). All injuries were classified as American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade A. Patients underwent periodic follow-up over a period of 12–30 months (average, 22.5 months). One patient developed ascending myelitis and died of respiratory failure 1 month after early fixation, and two patients died of pulmonary infection after late fixation procedures. Other patients achieved bone fusion without improvement in ASIA grade. No statistically significant difference in parameters was observed between groups.ConclusionsThough type C3 thoracic fracture is one of the most severe spinal injuries, complete reduction and recovery of spinal stability can be achieved using a posterior approach. As clinical outcomes in this study were similar between early and late fixation procedures, early surgical intervention may not be helpful for improving neurologic recovery in type C3 thoracic fractures. More... »

PAGES

689-694

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00776-015-0723-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00776-015-0723-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011833306

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25875232


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