Alanyl-glutamine but not glycyl-glutamine improved the proliferation of enterocytes as glutamine substitution in vitro View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-08-31

AUTHORS

Bie Tan, Honglan Liu, Guangzu He, Hao Xiao, Dingfu Xiao, Yanhong Liu, Jianping Wu, Jun Fang, Yulong Yin

ABSTRACT

The synthetic dipeptides alanyl-glutamine (Ala-Gln) and glycyl-glutamine (Gly-Gln) are used as Gln substitution to provide energy source in the gastrointestinal tract due to their high solubility and stability. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Gln, Ala-Gln and Gly-Gln on mitochondrial respiration and protein turnover of enterocytes. Intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) were cultured for 2 days in Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s-F12 Ham medium (DMEM-F12) containing 2.5 mM Gln, Ala-Gln or Gly-Gln. Results from 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine incorporation and flow cytometry analysis indicated that there were no differences in proliferation between free Gln and Ala-Gln-treated cells, whereas Gly-Gln treatment inhibited the cell growth compared with Gln treatment. Significantly lower mRNA expressions of Sp1 and PepT1 were also observed in Gly-Gln-treated cells than that of Ala-Gln treatment. Ala-Gln treatment increased the basal respiration and ATP production, compared with free Gln and Gly-Gln treatments. There were no differences in protein turnover between free Gln and Ala-Gln-treated cells, but Gly-Gln treatment reduced protein synthesis and increased protein degradation. Ala-Gln treatment stimulated mTOR activation whereas Gly-Gln decreased mTOR phosphorylation and increased the UB protein expression compared with free Gln treatment. These results indicate that Ala-Gln has the very similar functional profile to free Gln in porcine enterocytes in vitro and can be substituted Gln as energy and protein sources in the gastrointestinal tract. More... »

PAGES

2023-2031

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00726-017-2460-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00726-017-2460-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091410028

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28861626


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