Identifying critical factors for catalyst performance in methanol oxidation by Box–Behnken design View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-10

AUTHORS

Nicholas J. Horswill, Yijun Tang

ABSTRACT

Methanol oxidation is one of the most important processes in a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). Proper anodic catalysis ensures high energy conversion and operation cost of the fuel cell. Although a proton exchange membrane is a successful electrolyte of DMFC, its drawbacks or limitations can be avoided by replacing the solid membrane with a liquid electrolyte that is not subject to evaporation, especially at elevated temperatures. A promising candidate for such electrolyte is an ionic liquid. The performance of the anode catalyst will be affected when the electrolyte has been changed. In our paper, we report a fast Box–Behnken design to identify the most critical factors that would determine the performance of a specific catalyst—platinum-coated gold nanoporous film (PGNF). Our research revealed that the catalytic kinetics is the critical factor for PGNF in aqueous solution electrolyte; while catalyst poisoning was the most critical when the ionic liquid BMImBF4 was the electrolyte. This example of how statistic tools could be used in the development of fuel cells could be expanded to the studies of other systems. More... »

PAGES

1749-1752

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00706-018-2257-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00706-018-2257-0

DIMENSIONS

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