Polymorphisms in the APOBEC3G gene of Chinese rhesus macaques affect resistance to ubiquitination and degradation mediated by HIV-2 Vif View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-11

AUTHORS

Zhi-Qiang Jiang, Xu-Rong Yao, Hang Yu, Yue-Er Lu, Bei-Lei Liu, Feng-Liang Liu, Ya-Bin Jin, Min Zhuo, Yong-Tang Zheng, Fei Ling

ABSTRACT

Animal cells have multiple innate effector mechanisms that inhibit viral replication. For the pathogenic retrovirus human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1), there are widely expressed restriction factors, such as APOBEC3 proteins, tetherin/BST2, SAMHD1 and MX2, as well as TRIM5α. We previously found that the TRIM5α gene clearly affects SIVmac or HIV-2 replication, but the major determinant of the combinatorial effect caused by multiple host restriction factors is still not fully clear. APOBEC3G (apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3G), a host restriction factor that restricts HIV replication by causing cytosine deamination, can be targeted and degraded by the SIV/HIV-1/HIV-2 accessory protein Vif. Although rhesus macaques are widely used in HIV/AIDS research, little is known regarding the impact of APOBEC3G gene polymorphisms on viral Vif-mediated ubiquitin degradation in Chinese-origin rhesus macaques. In this study, we therefore genotyped APOBEC3G in 35 Chinese rhesus macaques. We identified a novel transcript and 27 APOBEC3G polymorphisms, including 20 non-synonymous variants and 7 synonymous mutation sites, of which 10 were novel. According to the predicted structure of the A3G protein, we predicted that the E88K and G212D mutations, both on the surface of the A3G protein, would have a significant effect on Vif-induced A3G degradation. However, an in vitro overexpression assay showed that these mutations did not influence HIV-2-Vif-mediated degradation of APOBEC3G. Unexpectedly, another polymorphism L71R, conferred resistance to Vif-mediated ubiquitin degradation, strongly suggesting that L71R might play an important role in antiviral defense mechanisms. More... »

PAGES

1-8

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00705-019-04194-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04194-0

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112683367

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30859472


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36 schema:description Animal cells have multiple innate effector mechanisms that inhibit viral replication. For the pathogenic retrovirus human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1), there are widely expressed restriction factors, such as APOBEC3 proteins, tetherin/BST2, SAMHD1 and MX2, as well as TRIM5α. We previously found that the TRIM5α gene clearly affects SIVmac or HIV-2 replication, but the major determinant of the combinatorial effect caused by multiple host restriction factors is still not fully clear. APOBEC3G (apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like 3G), a host restriction factor that restricts HIV replication by causing cytosine deamination, can be targeted and degraded by the SIV/HIV-1/HIV-2 accessory protein Vif. Although rhesus macaques are widely used in HIV/AIDS research, little is known regarding the impact of APOBEC3G gene polymorphisms on viral Vif-mediated ubiquitin degradation in Chinese-origin rhesus macaques. In this study, we therefore genotyped APOBEC3G in 35 Chinese rhesus macaques. We identified a novel transcript and 27 APOBEC3G polymorphisms, including 20 non-synonymous variants and 7 synonymous mutation sites, of which 10 were novel. According to the predicted structure of the A3G protein, we predicted that the E88K and G212D mutations, both on the surface of the A3G protein, would have a significant effect on Vif-induced A3G degradation. However, an in vitro overexpression assay showed that these mutations did not influence HIV-2-Vif-mediated degradation of APOBEC3G. Unexpectedly, another polymorphism L71R, conferred resistance to Vif-mediated ubiquitin degradation, strongly suggesting that L71R might play an important role in antiviral defense mechanisms.
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