Molecular detection and genetic characterization of kobuviruses and astroviruses in asymptomatic local pigs in East Africa View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-06

AUTHORS

Joshua O. Amimo, Edward Okoth, Joseph O. Junga, William O. Ogara, Moses N. Njahira, Qiuhong Wang, Anastasia N. Vlasova, Linda J. Saif, Appolinaire Djikeng

ABSTRACT

In this study, swine fecal specimens (n = 251) collected from nursing and weaned piglets raised under smallholder production systems were screened for the presence of kobuviruses by RT-PCR. Porcine kobuviruses were detected in 13.1 % (33/251) of the samples. We demonstrated that porcine kobuvirus infections exist in indigenous pigs in Kenya and Uganda and that the prevalence was higher in young piglets than older pigs: nursing piglets (15 %), post-weaning (3-month-old) pigs (17 %), 4-month-old pigs (10 %). Genetic analysis of the partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) region (690 nt) revealed that kobuviruses circulating in East Africa are diverse, sharing nucleotide sequence identities ranging from 89.7 to 99.1 % and 88 to 92.3 % among them and with known porcine kobuviruses, respectively. The nucleotide sequence identities between our kobuvirus strains and those of human, bovine and canine kobuviruses were 69.4-70.7 %, 73.1-74.4 % and 67-70.7 %, respectively. Additionally, upon sequencing selected samples that showed consistent 720-bp RT-PCR bands while using the same primer set, we detected porcine astroviruses in our samples belonging to type 2 and type 3 mamastroviruses. To our knowledge, this study reports the first detection and molecular analysis of both porcine kobuviruses and astroviruses in an African region. Further studies are required to determine the role of these viruses in gastrointestinal infections of pigs in this region and to determine the genetic diversity of the circulating strains to develop accurate diagnostic tools and implement appropriate control strategies. More... »

PAGES

1313-1319

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-06. Three clusters of bovine kobuvirus isolated in Korea, 2008–2010 in VIRUS GENES
  • 2010-09. First molecular detection of Aichi virus in sewage and shellfish samples in the Monastir region of Tunisia in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2009-01. Complete nucleotide and amino acid sequences and genetic organization of porcine kobuvirus, a member of a new species in the genus Kobuvirus, family Picornaviridae in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2011-10. Molecular characterization of a porcine astrovirus strain in China in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2013-03. Genetic diversity of porcine sapoviruses, kobuviruses, and astroviruses in asymptomatic pigs: an emerging new sapovirus GIII genotype in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2009-09. Detection of Aichi virus shedding in a child with enteric and extraintestinal symptoms in Hungary in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2011-11. Detection and genetic characterization of a novel pig astrovirus: relationship to other astroviruses in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2011-05. Analysis and characterization of the complete genome of a member of a new species of kobuvirus associated with swine in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 1996-11. Evaluation of a degenerate primer for the PCR detection of human caliciviruses in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2012-06. Astrovirus in wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Hungary in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2013-07. Prevalence and molecular characterization of porcine enteric caliciviruses and first detection of porcine kobuviruses in US swine in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2006-06. Molecular characterization of the first Aichi viruses isolated in Europe and in South America in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • 2010-11. Molecular detection of porcine kobuviruses in pigs in Korea and their association with diarrhea in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008597467

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24327095


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0707", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Veterinary Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/07", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Africa, Eastern", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Astroviridae", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Astroviridae Infections", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Feces", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Genetic Variation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Kobuvirus", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Molecular Sequence Data", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Picornaviridae Infections", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Prevalence", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "RNA Replicase", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "RNA, Viral", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sequence Analysis, DNA", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sequence Homology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Swine", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Swine Diseases", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "International Livestock Research Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053, 00625, Nairobi, Kenya", 
                "Bioscience of Eastern and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, P.O Box 30709, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Amimo", 
            "givenName": "Joshua O.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01326501560.21", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01326501560.21"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "International Livestock Research Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0", 
              "name": [
                "Bioscience of Eastern and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, P.O Box 30709, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Okoth", 
            "givenName": "Edward", 
            "id": "sg:person.0714523427.09", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714523427.09"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Nairobi", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10604.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053, 00625, Nairobi, Kenya"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Junga", 
            "givenName": "Joseph O.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01165733716.09", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165733716.09"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Nairobi", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10604.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Public Health Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053, 00625, Nairobi, Kenya"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ogara", 
            "givenName": "William O.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0752625717.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752625717.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "International Livestock Research Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0", 
              "name": [
                "Bioscience of Eastern and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, P.O Box 30709, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Njahira", 
            "givenName": "Moses N.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01042376645.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042376645.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "The Ohio State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4", 
              "name": [
                "Food Animal Health Research Program, Veterinary Preventive Medicine Department, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Avenue, 44691, Wooster, OH, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wang", 
            "givenName": "Qiuhong", 
            "id": "sg:person.01351016714.20", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01351016714.20"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "The Ohio State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4", 
              "name": [
                "Food Animal Health Research Program, Veterinary Preventive Medicine Department, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Avenue, 44691, Wooster, OH, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Vlasova", 
            "givenName": "Anastasia N.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01277542135.20", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277542135.20"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "The Ohio State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4", 
              "name": [
                "Food Animal Health Research Program, Veterinary Preventive Medicine Department, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Avenue, 44691, Wooster, OH, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Saif", 
            "givenName": "Linda J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011005227177.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011005227177.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "International Livestock Research Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0", 
              "name": [
                "Bioscience of Eastern and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, P.O Box 30709, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Djikeng", 
            "givenName": "Appolinaire", 
            "id": "sg:person.0662654727.61", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0662654727.61"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-008-0288-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000132885", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-008-0288-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-008-0288-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000132885", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-008-0288-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.06.020", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002037217"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638712458781", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002262607"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638712458781", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002262607"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03182.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004849308"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.05217-11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008431396"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0907-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012527598", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-010-0907-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-012-1272-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013160754", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-012-1272-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01718228", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015021355", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01718228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01718228", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015021355", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01718228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1619-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016297985", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-013-1619-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1412.080797", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016545937"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0744-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017122650", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-010-0744-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1512.090724", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028268615"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-005-0706-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030067221", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-005-0706-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-005-0706-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030067221", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-005-0706-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-011-1050-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031124778", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-011-1050-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2010.06.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032634159"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.00525-07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033342812"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11262-011-0593-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034014589", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-011-0593-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1604.090937", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035265991"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035817041", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035817041", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035817041", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-012-1528-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036819668", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-012-1528-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-011-1088-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037532054", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-011-1088-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.11.026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039121058"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/rmv.677", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041610496"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0774-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041846036", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-010-0774-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1605.091934", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041902941"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0166-0934(99)00114-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044945908"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049273973"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0404206101", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051987629"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2011.06.020", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052443315"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.19266-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052763282"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/164.5.954", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059702888"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1099/0022-1317-82-5-1061", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060361933"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.048744-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060399201"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078300885", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081648587", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.107.23.532-a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081648587"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2014-06", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2014-06-01", 
        "description": "In this study, swine fecal specimens (n = 251) collected from nursing and weaned piglets raised under smallholder production systems were screened for the presence of kobuviruses by RT-PCR. Porcine kobuviruses were detected in 13.1 % (33/251) of the samples. We demonstrated that porcine kobuvirus infections exist in indigenous pigs in Kenya and Uganda and that the prevalence was higher in young piglets than older pigs: nursing piglets (15 %), post-weaning (3-month-old) pigs (17 %), 4-month-old pigs (10 %). Genetic analysis of the partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) region (690 nt) revealed that kobuviruses circulating in East Africa are diverse, sharing nucleotide sequence identities ranging from 89.7 to 99.1 % and 88 to 92.3 % among them and with known porcine kobuviruses, respectively. The nucleotide sequence identities between our kobuvirus strains and those of human, bovine and canine kobuviruses were 69.4-70.7 %, 73.1-74.4 % and 67-70.7 %, respectively. Additionally, upon sequencing selected samples that showed consistent 720-bp RT-PCR bands while using the same primer set, we detected porcine astroviruses in our samples belonging to type 2 and type 3 mamastroviruses. To our knowledge, this study reports the first detection and molecular analysis of both porcine kobuviruses and astroviruses in an African region. Further studies are required to determine the role of these viruses in gastrointestinal infections of pigs in this region and to determine the genetic diversity of the circulating strains to develop accurate diagnostic tools and implement appropriate control strategies.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2354832", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1083335", 
            "issn": [
              "0304-8608", 
              "1432-8798"
            ], 
            "name": "Archives of Virology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "159"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Molecular detection and genetic characterization of kobuviruses and astroviruses in asymptomatic local pigs in East Africa", 
        "pagination": "1313-1319", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "28f5e87ffa53de59edaa9d22bd266cc1f18871d5c312d400a2d21d2dbed65650"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "24327095"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "7506870"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1008597467"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008597467"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T22:31", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000510.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00705-013-1942-x"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    322 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      82 URIs      38 LITERALS      26 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x schema:about N0de225f47cfc418d84ab8f2a92ceceaf
    2 N1529e19674d34daeb1d98d3c39c17362
    3 N1d3888e6669c478ca12606b128f45ab9
    4 N20a046ac148b426a9dcb0500691fd7b7
    5 N3328191f74e242b38fcd2f6b5a772433
    6 N660e20b71c5d490ba8002395fc2f06fa
    7 N78b1b47d77614269b01e907ba07b85c2
    8 N791f820185cb4d368a49787d05255ca8
    9 Na15b58112e6a4c64893b6a7d3978623e
    10 Naecbbbf12f7c4cbabf117996282798be
    11 Nb186a5cf9099422381ef92fd158d2b84
    12 Nb4a3dea62b694ec19a24ee207ece234b
    13 Nba1dc97804dc4260bade0e7caf2e532d
    14 Ndbe5c123dce44216a48e5af3f454c4df
    15 Ne84832021eef454e9d03ab9051620cc1
    16 Nf0fb3f093b5d48e898d2eb0a3a822741
    17 Nf56b31a22c064e4093de12bb20659412
    18 anzsrc-for:07
    19 anzsrc-for:0707
    20 schema:author Nc51485448a3c47f6ae36bfd6cc40ddf3
    21 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01718228
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-005-0706-7
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-008-0288-2
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0744-7
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0774-1
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0907-6
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-011-1050-8
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-011-1088-7
    30 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-012-1272-4
    31 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-012-1528-z
    32 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1619-5
    33 sg:pub.10.1007/s11262-011-0593-9
    34 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078300885
    35 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081648587
    36 https://doi.org/10.1002/rmv.677
    37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2010.06.001
    38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2011.06.020
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.06.020
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.11.026
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0166-0934(99)00114-7
    42 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0404206101
    43 https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/164.5.954
    44 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121
    45 https://doi.org/10.1099/0022-1317-82-5-1061
    46 https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.048744-0
    47 https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.19266-0
    48 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03182.x
    49 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.00525-07
    50 https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.05217-11
    51 https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.107.23.532-a
    52 https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638712458781
    53 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1412.080797
    54 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1512.090724
    55 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1604.090937
    56 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1605.091934
    57 schema:datePublished 2014-06
    58 schema:datePublishedReg 2014-06-01
    59 schema:description In this study, swine fecal specimens (n = 251) collected from nursing and weaned piglets raised under smallholder production systems were screened for the presence of kobuviruses by RT-PCR. Porcine kobuviruses were detected in 13.1 % (33/251) of the samples. We demonstrated that porcine kobuvirus infections exist in indigenous pigs in Kenya and Uganda and that the prevalence was higher in young piglets than older pigs: nursing piglets (15 %), post-weaning (3-month-old) pigs (17 %), 4-month-old pigs (10 %). Genetic analysis of the partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) region (690 nt) revealed that kobuviruses circulating in East Africa are diverse, sharing nucleotide sequence identities ranging from 89.7 to 99.1 % and 88 to 92.3 % among them and with known porcine kobuviruses, respectively. The nucleotide sequence identities between our kobuvirus strains and those of human, bovine and canine kobuviruses were 69.4-70.7 %, 73.1-74.4 % and 67-70.7 %, respectively. Additionally, upon sequencing selected samples that showed consistent 720-bp RT-PCR bands while using the same primer set, we detected porcine astroviruses in our samples belonging to type 2 and type 3 mamastroviruses. To our knowledge, this study reports the first detection and molecular analysis of both porcine kobuviruses and astroviruses in an African region. Further studies are required to determine the role of these viruses in gastrointestinal infections of pigs in this region and to determine the genetic diversity of the circulating strains to develop accurate diagnostic tools and implement appropriate control strategies.
    60 schema:genre research_article
    61 schema:inLanguage en
    62 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    63 schema:isPartOf Nb7d58cc5e68f47eea82f4906abc9ce0f
    64 Nda773537f31f4f6890415c711be60cd9
    65 sg:journal.1083335
    66 schema:name Molecular detection and genetic characterization of kobuviruses and astroviruses in asymptomatic local pigs in East Africa
    67 schema:pagination 1313-1319
    68 schema:productId N0afd7e2315dd4fbeaec6b2320f14c972
    69 N41c7d9fe3a0f4fcb9d967031c9d77c45
    70 N7dad16b888644142948c9f0ec33ccd01
    71 Necb41d9b2a1e46df80aa02a912dd874f
    72 Nfb81db3e47754bf497de9ec229feba88
    73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008597467
    74 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x
    75 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T22:31
    76 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    77 schema:sdPublisher Ne29e24f881a047dcbb178eb16a7fed96
    78 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00705-013-1942-x
    79 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    80 sgo:sdDataset articles
    81 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    82 N0afd7e2315dd4fbeaec6b2320f14c972 schema:name doi
    83 schema:value 10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x
    84 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    85 N0de225f47cfc418d84ab8f2a92ceceaf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    86 schema:name Animals
    87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    88 N1529e19674d34daeb1d98d3c39c17362 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    89 schema:name Astroviridae
    90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    91 N196839ac812b4d9883d8037e8a688df1 rdf:first sg:person.011005227177.12
    92 rdf:rest Nba472aacb3b34db4acf63ef95fb9d3f2
    93 N1d3888e6669c478ca12606b128f45ab9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    94 schema:name Genetic Variation
    95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    96 N1fcae9a7eb2a4071b4c7874fec88ac57 rdf:first sg:person.0714523427.09
    97 rdf:rest Ne4689228c1f54bfb947158fd3bc3e94f
    98 N20a046ac148b426a9dcb0500691fd7b7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    99 schema:name RNA, Viral
    100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    101 N3328191f74e242b38fcd2f6b5a772433 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    102 schema:name Sequence Analysis, DNA
    103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    104 N41c7d9fe3a0f4fcb9d967031c9d77c45 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    105 schema:value 7506870
    106 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    107 N5fd4f4bd9b784c80b22a63425ef86bfc rdf:first sg:person.0752625717.06
    108 rdf:rest N73cbc10468c0423fb4ad436f6c83a6d4
    109 N660e20b71c5d490ba8002395fc2f06fa schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    110 schema:name Africa, Eastern
    111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    112 N73cbc10468c0423fb4ad436f6c83a6d4 rdf:first sg:person.01042376645.87
    113 rdf:rest N784d80e9d9a74fe9b402c2fa55451289
    114 N7637ff009e1f4902b20376e702233f49 rdf:first sg:person.01277542135.20
    115 rdf:rest N196839ac812b4d9883d8037e8a688df1
    116 N784d80e9d9a74fe9b402c2fa55451289 rdf:first sg:person.01351016714.20
    117 rdf:rest N7637ff009e1f4902b20376e702233f49
    118 N78b1b47d77614269b01e907ba07b85c2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    119 schema:name Swine
    120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    121 N791f820185cb4d368a49787d05255ca8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    122 schema:name Swine Diseases
    123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    124 N7dad16b888644142948c9f0ec33ccd01 schema:name pubmed_id
    125 schema:value 24327095
    126 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    127 Na15b58112e6a4c64893b6a7d3978623e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    128 schema:name Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
    129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    130 Naecbbbf12f7c4cbabf117996282798be schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    131 schema:name Prevalence
    132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    133 Nb186a5cf9099422381ef92fd158d2b84 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    134 schema:name Kobuvirus
    135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    136 Nb4a3dea62b694ec19a24ee207ece234b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    137 schema:name Feces
    138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    139 Nb7d58cc5e68f47eea82f4906abc9ce0f schema:issueNumber 6
    140 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    141 Nba1dc97804dc4260bade0e7caf2e532d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    142 schema:name Picornaviridae Infections
    143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    144 Nba472aacb3b34db4acf63ef95fb9d3f2 rdf:first sg:person.0662654727.61
    145 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    146 Nc51485448a3c47f6ae36bfd6cc40ddf3 rdf:first sg:person.01326501560.21
    147 rdf:rest N1fcae9a7eb2a4071b4c7874fec88ac57
    148 Nda773537f31f4f6890415c711be60cd9 schema:volumeNumber 159
    149 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    150 Ndbe5c123dce44216a48e5af3f454c4df schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    151 schema:name Sequence Homology
    152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    153 Ne29e24f881a047dcbb178eb16a7fed96 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    154 rdf:type schema:Organization
    155 Ne4689228c1f54bfb947158fd3bc3e94f rdf:first sg:person.01165733716.09
    156 rdf:rest N5fd4f4bd9b784c80b22a63425ef86bfc
    157 Ne84832021eef454e9d03ab9051620cc1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    158 schema:name Molecular Sequence Data
    159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    160 Necb41d9b2a1e46df80aa02a912dd874f schema:name readcube_id
    161 schema:value 28f5e87ffa53de59edaa9d22bd266cc1f18871d5c312d400a2d21d2dbed65650
    162 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    163 Nf0fb3f093b5d48e898d2eb0a3a822741 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    164 schema:name Astroviridae Infections
    165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    166 Nf56b31a22c064e4093de12bb20659412 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    167 schema:name RNA Replicase
    168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    169 Nfb81db3e47754bf497de9ec229feba88 schema:name dimensions_id
    170 schema:value pub.1008597467
    171 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    172 anzsrc-for:07 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    173 schema:name Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
    174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    175 anzsrc-for:0707 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    176 schema:name Veterinary Sciences
    177 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    178 sg:grant.2354832 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1942-x
    179 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    180 sg:journal.1083335 schema:issn 0304-8608
    181 1432-8798
    182 schema:name Archives of Virology
    183 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    184 sg:person.01042376645.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0
    185 schema:familyName Njahira
    186 schema:givenName Moses N.
    187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042376645.87
    188 rdf:type schema:Person
    189 sg:person.011005227177.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4
    190 schema:familyName Saif
    191 schema:givenName Linda J.
    192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011005227177.12
    193 rdf:type schema:Person
    194 sg:person.01165733716.09 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10604.33
    195 schema:familyName Junga
    196 schema:givenName Joseph O.
    197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165733716.09
    198 rdf:type schema:Person
    199 sg:person.01277542135.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4
    200 schema:familyName Vlasova
    201 schema:givenName Anastasia N.
    202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277542135.20
    203 rdf:type schema:Person
    204 sg:person.01326501560.21 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0
    205 schema:familyName Amimo
    206 schema:givenName Joshua O.
    207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01326501560.21
    208 rdf:type schema:Person
    209 sg:person.01351016714.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4
    210 schema:familyName Wang
    211 schema:givenName Qiuhong
    212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01351016714.20
    213 rdf:type schema:Person
    214 sg:person.0662654727.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0
    215 schema:familyName Djikeng
    216 schema:givenName Appolinaire
    217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0662654727.61
    218 rdf:type schema:Person
    219 sg:person.0714523427.09 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0
    220 schema:familyName Okoth
    221 schema:givenName Edward
    222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714523427.09
    223 rdf:type schema:Person
    224 sg:person.0752625717.06 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10604.33
    225 schema:familyName Ogara
    226 schema:givenName William O.
    227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752625717.06
    228 rdf:type schema:Person
    229 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01718228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015021355
    230 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01718228
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-005-0706-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030067221
    233 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-005-0706-7
    234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    235 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-008-0288-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000132885
    236 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-008-0288-2
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035817041
    239 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-009-0473-y
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0744-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017122650
    242 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-010-0744-7
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0774-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041846036
    245 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-010-0774-1
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-010-0907-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012527598
    248 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-010-0907-6
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-011-1050-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031124778
    251 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-011-1050-8
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-011-1088-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037532054
    254 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-011-1088-7
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-012-1272-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013160754
    257 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-012-1272-4
    258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    259 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-012-1528-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036819668
    260 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-012-1528-z
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 sg:pub.10.1007/s00705-013-1619-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016297985
    263 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-013-1619-5
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 sg:pub.10.1007/s11262-011-0593-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034014589
    266 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-011-0593-9
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078300885 schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081648587 schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.1002/rmv.677 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041610496
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2010.06.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032634159
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2011.06.020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052443315
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.06.020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002037217
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.11.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039121058
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0166-0934(99)00114-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044945908
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0404206101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051987629
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/164.5.954 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059702888
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049273973
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.1099/0022-1317-82-5-1061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060361933
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.048744-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060399201
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.1099/vir.0.19266-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052763282
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03182.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004849308
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.00525-07 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033342812
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.05217-11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008431396
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.107.23.532-a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081648587
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638712458781 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002262607
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1412.080797 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016545937
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1512.090724 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028268615
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1604.090937 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035265991
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1605.091934 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041902941
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10604.33 schema:alternateName University of Nairobi
    313 schema:name Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053, 00625, Nairobi, Kenya
    314 Department of Public Health Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053, 00625, Nairobi, Kenya
    315 rdf:type schema:Organization
    316 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261331.4 schema:alternateName The Ohio State University
    317 schema:name Food Animal Health Research Program, Veterinary Preventive Medicine Department, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Avenue, 44691, Wooster, OH, USA
    318 rdf:type schema:Organization
    319 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419369.0 schema:alternateName International Livestock Research Institute
    320 schema:name Bioscience of Eastern and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, P.O Box 30709, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    321 Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053, 00625, Nairobi, Kenya
    322 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...