Variability of cold season surface air temperature over northeastern China and its linkage with large-scale atmospheric circulations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-26

AUTHORS

Yuanhuang Zhuang, Jingyong Zhang, Lin Wang

ABSTRACT

Cold temperature anomalies and extremes have profound effects on the society, the economy, and the environment of northeastern China (NEC). In this study, we define the cold season as the months from October to April, and investigate the variability of cold season surface air temperature (CSAT) over NEC and its relationships with large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns for the period 1981–2014. The empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis shows that the first EOF mode of the CSAT over NEC is characterized by a homogeneous structure that describes 92.2% of the total variance. The regionally averaged CSAT over NEC is closely linked with the Arctic Oscillation (r = 0.62, 99% confidence level) and also has a statistically significant relation with the Polar/Eurasian pattern in the cold season. The positive phases of the Arctic Oscillation and the Polar/Eurasian pattern tend to result in a positive geopotential height anomaly over NEC and a weakened East Asian winter monsoon, which subsequently increase the CSAT over NEC by enhancing the downward solar radiation, strengthening the subsidence warming and warm air advection. Conversely, the negative phases of these two climate indices result in opposite regional atmospheric circulation anomalies and decrease the CSAT over NEC. More... »

PAGES

1261-1273

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00704-017-2166-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-017-2166-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085595483


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