Neuropathobiology of non-motor symptoms in Parkinson disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-10

AUTHORS

Kurt A. Jellinger

ABSTRACT

Parkinson disease (PD) is a multisystem disorder associated with α-synuclein aggregates throughout the central, autonomic, and peripheral nervous system, clinically characterized by motor and non-motor (NM) symptoms. The NMS in PD, many of which antedating motor dysfunction and representing a preclinical phase spanning 20 or more years, are linked to widespread distribution of α-synuclein pathology not restricted to the dopaminergic nigrostriatal system that is responsible for core motor features of PD. The pathologic substrate of NM manifestations such as olfactory, autonomic (gastrointestinal, urogenital, cardia, respiratory), sensory, skin, sleep, visual, neuropsychiatric dysfunctions (cognitive, mood, dementia), and others are critically reviewed. In addition to non-nigral brainstem nuclei, α-synuclein pathology involves sympathetic and parasympathetic, enteric, cardiac and pelvic plexuses, and many other organs indicating a topographical and chronological spread, particularly in the prodromal stages of the disease. Few animal models recapitulate NMS in PD. The relationship between regional α-synuclein/Lewy pathology, neurodegeneration and the corresponding clinical deficits awaits further elucidation. Controlled clinicopathologic studies will refine the correlations between presymptomatic and late-developing NM features of PD and neuropathology, and new premotor biomarkers will facilitate early diagnosis of PD as a basis for more effective preventive and therapeutic options of this devastating disease. More... »

PAGES

1429-1440

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00702-015-1405-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-015-1405-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030998936

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25976432


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