The effects of 1 Hz rTMS preconditioned by tDCS on gait kinematics in Parkinson’s disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-07

AUTHORS

Mitra von Papen, Mirabell Fisse, Anna-Sophia Sarfeld, Gereon R. Fink, Dennis A. Nowak

ABSTRACT

Hypokinetic gait is a common and very disabling symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the motor cortex has been used with variable effectiveness to treat hypokinesia in PD. Preconditioning rTMS by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may enhance its effectiveness to treat hypokinetic gait in PD. Three-dimensional kinematic gait analysis was performed (1) prior to, (2) immediately after and (3) 30 min after low-frequency rTMS (1 Hz, 900 pulses, 80% of resting motor threshold) over M1 contralateral to the more affected body side preconditioned by (1) cathodal, (2) anodal or (3) sham tDCS (amperage: 1 mA, duration: 10 min) in ten subjects with PD (7 females, mean age 63 ± 9 years) and ten healthy subjects (four females, mean age 50 ± 11 years). The effects of tDCS-preconditioned rTMS on gait kinematics were assessed by the following parameters: number of steps, step length, stride length, double support time, cadence, swing and stance phases. Our data suggest a bilateral improvement of hypokinetic gait in PD after 1 Hz rTMS over M1 of the more affected body side preceded by anodal tDCS. In contrast, 1 Hz rTMS alone (preceded by sham tDCS) and 1 Hz rTMS preceded by cathodal tDCS were ineffective to improve gait kinematics in PD. In healthy subjects, gait kinematics was unaffected by either intervention. Preconditioning motor cortex rTMS by tDCS is a promising approach to treat hypokinetic gait in PD. More... »

PAGES

743-754

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031449632

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24562404


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1109", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Neurosciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biomechanical Phenomena", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Gait", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Gait Disorders, Neurologic", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Middle Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Parkinson Disease", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Statistics, Nonparametric", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "von Papen", 
        "givenName": "Mitra", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fisse", 
        "givenName": "Mirabell", 
        "id": "sg:person.01224022432.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224022432.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Cologne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sarfeld", 
        "givenName": "Anna-Sophia", 
        "id": "sg:person.0762131541.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0762131541.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany", 
            "Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-3), Cognitive Neurology, Research Centre J\u00fclich, J\u00fclich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fink", 
        "givenName": "Gereon R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01071124046.71", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01071124046.71"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany", 
            "Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-3), Cognitive Neurology, Research Centre J\u00fclich, J\u00fclich, Germany", 
            "Klinik Kipfenberg, Neurochirurgische und Neurologische Fachklinik, Kindingerstrasse 13, 85110, Kipfenberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nowak", 
        "givenName": "Dennis A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01334554665.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334554665.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.1992.00530260044017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001723609"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312451915", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004290024"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312451915", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004290024"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awg268", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004603134"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1836-9553(13)70167-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006206051"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06086.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007022801"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2004.05.025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008453190"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006.04676.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010672396"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2004.04.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011613946"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/381526a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011643377", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/381526a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-008-0064-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012468156", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-008-0064-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-008-0064-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012468156", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-008-0064-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-510x(02)00459-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012852812"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.20713", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014214529"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.20713", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014214529"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/121.3.451", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014597456"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1016/j.nurt.2008.02.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014790244", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurt.2008.02.002"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04233.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015206104"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04233.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015206104"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7793.2000.t01-1-00633.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015330519"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2009.202556", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016273569"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/pl00007826", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017830311", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00007826"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.5316-03.2004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018061111"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-007-1121-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018723344", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-007-1121-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-007-1121-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018723344", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-007-1121-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.07.017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021602658"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/120.6.963", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023064437"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.5366-08.2009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025322033"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-510x(00)00370-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026672064"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3956(75)90026-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027523106"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1388-2457(03)00040-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035386563"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1388-2457(03)00040-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035386563"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.22364", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037914362"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/123.2.394", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040299841"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312445636", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043984191"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312445636", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043984191"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23055", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045263826"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2010.01.017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045308744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04476.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046414624"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04476.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046414624"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046648994"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21089", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046768612"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12311-011-0290-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047500079", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-011-0290-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.11.207", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047900090"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.10370", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048100195"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2004.03277.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049288012"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.22417", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049861502"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-1331.2003.00649.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050190229"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-009-0356-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050836428", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-009-0356-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-009-0356-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050836428", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-009-0356-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00415-011-5923-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052092037", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-011-5923-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/117.4.847", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059439344"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/117.5.1169", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059439367"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/95.3.475", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059444435"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1346729", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062476820"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31820ce6bb", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064355941"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31820ce6bb", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064355941"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31820ce6bb", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064355941"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31828c2f66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064357664"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31828c2f66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064357664"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31828c2f66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064357664"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.48.5.1398", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064374952"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.52.4.768", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064377245"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.52.4.768", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064377245"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.52.4.768", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064377245"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.57.10.1899", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064379786"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.57.10.1899", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064379786"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.57.10.1899", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064379786"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074560344", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3233/rnn-2010-0562", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078202057"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2014-07", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2014-07-01", 
    "description": "Hypokinetic gait is a common and very disabling symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the motor cortex has been used with variable effectiveness to treat hypokinesia in PD. Preconditioning rTMS by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may enhance its effectiveness to treat hypokinetic gait in PD. Three-dimensional kinematic gait analysis was performed (1) prior to, (2) immediately after and (3) 30 min after low-frequency rTMS (1 Hz, 900 pulses, 80% of resting motor threshold) over M1 contralateral to the more affected body side preconditioned by (1) cathodal, (2) anodal or (3) sham tDCS (amperage: 1 mA, duration: 10 min) in ten subjects with PD (7 females, mean age 63 \u00b1 9 years) and ten healthy subjects (four females, mean age 50 \u00b1 11 years). The effects of tDCS-preconditioned rTMS on gait kinematics were assessed by the following parameters: number of steps, step length, stride length, double support time, cadence, swing and stance phases. Our data suggest a bilateral improvement of hypokinetic gait in PD after 1 Hz rTMS over M1 of the more affected body side preceded by anodal tDCS. In contrast, 1 Hz rTMS alone (preceded by sham tDCS) and 1 Hz rTMS preceded by cathodal tDCS were ineffective to improve gait kinematics in PD. In healthy subjects, gait kinematics was unaffected by either intervention. Preconditioning motor cortex rTMS by tDCS is a promising approach to treat hypokinetic gait in PD.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1312227", 
        "issn": [
          "0300-9564", 
          "1435-1463"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Neural Transmission", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "121"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "The effects of 1 Hz rTMS preconditioned by tDCS on gait kinematics in Parkinson\u2019s disease", 
    "pagination": "743-754", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "95d1c5af62b8c5b82609fb8556ec7dec5792d66d7d0bf9da1d8587d1b183d7e5"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "24562404"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "9702341"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1031449632"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031449632"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T22:24", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000481.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

315 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      94 URIs      33 LITERALS      21 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2 schema:about N1f2bb64442f44277800694191a26720e
2 N28db96eeeb6d44b98e30cb2344624cdb
3 N295a20e0ad634c4f9b24b0b9068eb4da
4 N4fc52a2279594aa4b1c5b8846d6530e2
5 N5d76e3b56f4e44199b872be724d76241
6 N7a4df2ea517a44d0b289c37a5c0ce116
7 Nb36353b7da644fb5801a78e5f1eed3be
8 Nc799360f29ef4f19b07041f5acc346f2
9 Nd5328214e75147fba5b7d0ec3e23d55b
10 Nd6a8c0771161458db8657b6966c506dc
11 Nf29a3c711c8a45d9acba54023bcbcf19
12 Nfb13784397884e518e12ef77d2028a59
13 anzsrc-for:11
14 anzsrc-for:1109
15 schema:author Neb515e74cd404d24bcb9c9afbaa00016
16 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/pl00007826
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-007-1121-y
18 sg:pub.10.1007/s00415-011-5923-2
19 sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-008-0064-1
20 sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-009-0356-0
21 sg:pub.10.1007/s12311-011-0290-1
22 sg:pub.10.1016/j.nurt.2008.02.002
23 sg:pub.10.1038/381526a0
24 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074560344
25 https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.1992.00530260044017
26 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.10370
27 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.20713
28 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21012
29 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21089
30 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.22364
31 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.22417
32 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23055
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3956(75)90026-6
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.07.017
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2004.05.025
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.11.207
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2010.01.017
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2004.04.002
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-510x(00)00370-1
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-510x(02)00459-8
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1388-2457(03)00040-3
42 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1836-9553(13)70167-x
43 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-1331.2003.00649.x
44 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/117.4.847
45 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/117.5.1169
46 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/120.6.963
47 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/121.3.451
48 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/123.2.394
49 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/95.3.475
50 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awg268
51 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2004.03277.x
52 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04233.x
53 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04476.x
54 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006.04676.x
55 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06086.x
56 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7793.2000.t01-1-00633.x
57 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1346729
58 https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2009.202556
59 https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312445636
60 https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312451915
61 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31820ce6bb
62 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31828c2f66
63 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.48.5.1398
64 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.52.4.768
65 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.57.10.1899
66 https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.5316-03.2004
67 https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.5366-08.2009
68 https://doi.org/10.3233/rnn-2010-0562
69 schema:datePublished 2014-07
70 schema:datePublishedReg 2014-07-01
71 schema:description Hypokinetic gait is a common and very disabling symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the motor cortex has been used with variable effectiveness to treat hypokinesia in PD. Preconditioning rTMS by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may enhance its effectiveness to treat hypokinetic gait in PD. Three-dimensional kinematic gait analysis was performed (1) prior to, (2) immediately after and (3) 30 min after low-frequency rTMS (1 Hz, 900 pulses, 80% of resting motor threshold) over M1 contralateral to the more affected body side preconditioned by (1) cathodal, (2) anodal or (3) sham tDCS (amperage: 1 mA, duration: 10 min) in ten subjects with PD (7 females, mean age 63 ± 9 years) and ten healthy subjects (four females, mean age 50 ± 11 years). The effects of tDCS-preconditioned rTMS on gait kinematics were assessed by the following parameters: number of steps, step length, stride length, double support time, cadence, swing and stance phases. Our data suggest a bilateral improvement of hypokinetic gait in PD after 1 Hz rTMS over M1 of the more affected body side preceded by anodal tDCS. In contrast, 1 Hz rTMS alone (preceded by sham tDCS) and 1 Hz rTMS preceded by cathodal tDCS were ineffective to improve gait kinematics in PD. In healthy subjects, gait kinematics was unaffected by either intervention. Preconditioning motor cortex rTMS by tDCS is a promising approach to treat hypokinetic gait in PD.
72 schema:genre research_article
73 schema:inLanguage en
74 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
75 schema:isPartOf Na7321299cc874bba9d7701689e6824ed
76 Na8777e81be5b45cdbb01993454a3e4c7
77 sg:journal.1312227
78 schema:name The effects of 1 Hz rTMS preconditioned by tDCS on gait kinematics in Parkinson’s disease
79 schema:pagination 743-754
80 schema:productId N37bacee2a47440a7ab30777d578869cc
81 N5af9825047ea4dc89101209e6f4e88e6
82 N6c7a8d85f6d6422b8710dd3dd497862c
83 Na02e0b0d86fb499ca21466d83eb7ecba
84 Nd6bfab061813450ebd2b13be9a79658a
85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031449632
86 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2
87 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T22:24
88 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
89 schema:sdPublisher N6b11a378b5634e37a7327e1dc0dd290f
90 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2
91 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
92 sgo:sdDataset articles
93 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
94 N1f2bb64442f44277800694191a26720e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
95 schema:name Parkinson Disease
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 N28db96eeeb6d44b98e30cb2344624cdb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
98 schema:name Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 N295a20e0ad634c4f9b24b0b9068eb4da schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
101 schema:name Biomechanical Phenomena
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 N37bacee2a47440a7ab30777d578869cc schema:name pubmed_id
104 schema:value 24562404
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 N4fc52a2279594aa4b1c5b8846d6530e2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Humans
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 N5af9825047ea4dc89101209e6f4e88e6 schema:name dimensions_id
110 schema:value pub.1031449632
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N5d76e3b56f4e44199b872be724d76241 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
113 schema:name Gait Disorders, Neurologic
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 N6b11a378b5634e37a7327e1dc0dd290f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
116 rdf:type schema:Organization
117 N6c7a8d85f6d6422b8710dd3dd497862c schema:name doi
118 schema:value 10.1007/s00702-014-1178-2
119 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
120 N7a4df2ea517a44d0b289c37a5c0ce116 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
121 schema:name Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 Na02e0b0d86fb499ca21466d83eb7ecba schema:name nlm_unique_id
124 schema:value 9702341
125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
126 Na7321299cc874bba9d7701689e6824ed schema:volumeNumber 121
127 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
128 Na8777e81be5b45cdbb01993454a3e4c7 schema:issueNumber 7
129 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
130 Nb36353b7da644fb5801a78e5f1eed3be schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
131 schema:name Gait
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 Nb43d7905307543faabd9ffdbba9754db rdf:first sg:person.01334554665.45
134 rdf:rest rdf:nil
135 Nc799360f29ef4f19b07041f5acc346f2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
136 schema:name Aged
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 Nca95e0f827774418a714ab6eef85d630 rdf:first sg:person.0762131541.54
139 rdf:rest Nf4431b361b2c484b9babec431809d502
140 Nd5328214e75147fba5b7d0ec3e23d55b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
141 schema:name Statistics, Nonparametric
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 Nd6a8c0771161458db8657b6966c506dc schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
144 schema:name Female
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 Nd6bfab061813450ebd2b13be9a79658a schema:name readcube_id
147 schema:value 95d1c5af62b8c5b82609fb8556ec7dec5792d66d7d0bf9da1d8587d1b183d7e5
148 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
149 Ndc8ff0f4862c499ebfd7a0b980a323da schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e
150 schema:familyName von Papen
151 schema:givenName Mitra
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 Neb515e74cd404d24bcb9c9afbaa00016 rdf:first Ndc8ff0f4862c499ebfd7a0b980a323da
154 rdf:rest Nef6c69392b4b44a8aeb0a720df0ad447
155 Nef6c69392b4b44a8aeb0a720df0ad447 rdf:first sg:person.01224022432.82
156 rdf:rest Nca95e0f827774418a714ab6eef85d630
157 Nf29a3c711c8a45d9acba54023bcbcf19 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
158 schema:name Middle Aged
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 Nf4431b361b2c484b9babec431809d502 rdf:first sg:person.01071124046.71
161 rdf:rest Nb43d7905307543faabd9ffdbba9754db
162 Nfb13784397884e518e12ef77d2028a59 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
163 schema:name Male
164 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
165 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
166 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
168 anzsrc-for:1109 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
169 schema:name Neurosciences
170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
171 sg:journal.1312227 schema:issn 0300-9564
172 1435-1463
173 schema:name Journal of Neural Transmission
174 rdf:type schema:Periodical
175 sg:person.01071124046.71 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6
176 schema:familyName Fink
177 schema:givenName Gereon R.
178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01071124046.71
179 rdf:type schema:Person
180 sg:person.01224022432.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e
181 schema:familyName Fisse
182 schema:givenName Mirabell
183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224022432.82
184 rdf:type schema:Person
185 sg:person.01334554665.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6
186 schema:familyName Nowak
187 schema:givenName Dennis A.
188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334554665.45
189 rdf:type schema:Person
190 sg:person.0762131541.54 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e
191 schema:familyName Sarfeld
192 schema:givenName Anna-Sophia
193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0762131541.54
194 rdf:type schema:Person
195 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00007826 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017830311
196 https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00007826
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 sg:pub.10.1007/s00221-007-1121-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018723344
199 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-007-1121-y
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 sg:pub.10.1007/s00415-011-5923-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052092037
202 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-011-5923-2
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-008-0064-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012468156
205 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-008-0064-1
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 sg:pub.10.1007/s00702-009-0356-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050836428
208 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-009-0356-0
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 sg:pub.10.1007/s12311-011-0290-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047500079
211 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-011-0290-1
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 sg:pub.10.1016/j.nurt.2008.02.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014790244
214 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurt.2008.02.002
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 sg:pub.10.1038/381526a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011643377
217 https://doi.org/10.1038/381526a0
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074560344 schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.1992.00530260044017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001723609
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.10370 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048100195
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.20713 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014214529
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046648994
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.21089 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046768612
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.22364 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037914362
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.22417 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049861502
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23055 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045263826
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3956(75)90026-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027523106
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.07.017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021602658
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2004.05.025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008453190
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.11.207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047900090
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2010.01.017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045308744
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2004.04.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011613946
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-510x(00)00370-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026672064
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-510x(02)00459-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012852812
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1388-2457(03)00040-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035386563
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1836-9553(13)70167-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006206051
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-1331.2003.00649.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050190229
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/117.4.847 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059439344
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/117.5.1169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059439367
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/120.6.963 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023064437
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/121.3.451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014597456
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/123.2.394 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040299841
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/95.3.475 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059444435
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awg268 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004603134
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2004.03277.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049288012
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04233.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015206104
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04476.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046414624
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006.04676.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010672396
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06086.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007022801
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7793.2000.t01-1-00633.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015330519
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1346729 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062476820
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2009.202556 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016273569
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312445636 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043984191
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968312451915 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004290024
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31820ce6bb schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064355941
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e31828c2f66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064357664
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.48.5.1398 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064374952
297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
298 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.52.4.768 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064377245
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.57.10.1899 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064379786
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.5316-03.2004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018061111
303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
304 https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.5366-08.2009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025322033
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 https://doi.org/10.3233/rnn-2010-0562 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078202057
307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
308 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6190.e schema:alternateName University of Cologne
309 schema:name Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
310 rdf:type schema:Organization
311 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6 schema:alternateName Forschungszentrum Jülich
312 schema:name Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
313 Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-3), Cognitive Neurology, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
314 Klinik Kipfenberg, Neurochirurgische und Neurologische Fachklinik, Kindingerstrasse 13, 85110, Kipfenberg, Germany
315 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...