Classification of bone flap resorption after cranioplasty: a proposal for a computed tomography-based scoring system View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Tommi K. Korhonen, Niina Salokorpi, Pasi Ohtonen, Petri Lehenkari, Willy Serlo, Jaakko Niinimäki, Sami Tetri

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone flap resorption (BFR) is the most prevalent complication resulting in autologous cranioplasty failure, but no consensus on the definition of BFR or between the radiological signs and relevance of BFR has been established. We set out to develop an easy-to-use scoring system intended to standardize the interpretation of radiological BFR findings. METHODS: All 45 autologous cranioplasty patients operated on at Oulu University Hospital from 2004 to 2014 were identified, and the bone flap status of all the available patients was evaluated using the new scoring system. Derived from previous literature, a three-variable score for the detection of BFR changes is proposed. The variables "Extent" (estimated remaining bone volume), "Severity" (possible perforations and their measured diameter), and "Focus" (the number of BFR foci within the flap) are scored from 0 to 3 individually. Using the sum of these scores, a score of 0-9 is assigned to describe the degree of BFR. Additionally, independent neurosurgeons assessed the presence and relevance of BFR from the same data set. These assessments were compared to the BFR scores in order to find a score limit for relevant BFR. RESULTS: BFR was considered relevant by the neurosurgeons in 11 (26.8%) cases. The agreement on the relevance of BFR demonstrated substantial strength (κ 0.64, 95%CI 0.36 to 0.91). The minimum resorption score in cases of relevant BFR was 5. Thus, BFR with a resorption score ≥ 5 was defined relevant (grades II and III). With this definition, grade II or III BFR was found in 15 (36.6%) of our patients. No risk factors were found to predict relevant BFR. CONCLUSIONS: The score was proven to be easy to use and we recommend that only cases with grades II and III BFR undergo neurosurgical consultation. However, general applicability can only be claimed after validation in independent cohorts. More... »

PAGES

473-481

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00701-018-03791-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-018-03791-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111408659

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30644012


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