Improved outcome following preoperative radiochemotherapy: 40.5 Gy accelerated hyperfractionation and 5-fluorouracil suppositories for patients with carcinoma of the lower rectum View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-10

AUTHORS

Hisanaga Horie, Hiroshi Kashiwagi, Fumio Konishi, Kazuhiro Furuta, Akihito Ozawa, Kyotaro Kanazawa

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the longterm effects of administering preoperative radiochemotherapy to patients with carcinoma of the lower rectum. The outcomes of 29 patients who underwent curative surgery for carcinoma of the lower rectum after receiving radiochemotherapy in the form of 40.5 Gy accelerated hyperfractionation and a total dose of 3400 mg 5-fluorouracil given as suppositories, with or without hyperthermia, and 48 patients who underwent surgery alone, were retrospectively compared. The tumors in all the patients were histologically diagnosed as stage T3. The cumulative 5-year survival rate and 5-year local recurrence-free rate of the patients treated with radiochemotherapy plus surgery were significantly better than those of the patients treated by surgery alone, the respective values being 80.5% vs 59.8% (P 5 0.0325) and 95.7% vs 61.4% (P 5 0.0041). Dehiscence of the perineal wound, anastomotic leakage, and postoperative ileus occurred at similar frequencies in both groups; however, perineal wound healing after abdominoperineal resection was delayed in the patients treated with radiochemotherapy plus surgery at 42.7 days vs 25.4 days (P 5 0.0062). In conclusion, although the wound healing was delayed, preoperative radiochemotherapy is considered to be beneficial for patients with carcinoma of the lower rectum. More... »

PAGES

992-998

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s005950050634

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s005950050634

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015535222

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10554320


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