A systematic review and meta-analysis of the direct anterior approach for hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-02

AUTHORS

Samuel T. Kunkel, Matthew J. Sabatino, Ravinder Kang, David S. Jevsevar, Wayne E. Moschetti

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether the direct anterior approach (DAA) is associated with improved functional and clinical outcomes compared to other surgical approaches for hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized trials and cohort studies of hemiarthroplasty performed via DAA versus another surgical approach (anterolateral, lateral, posterolateral, posterior) were included. Our primary outcome was postoperative functional mobility. Secondary outcomes included overall complication rate, dislocation rate, perioperative fracture, infection rate, re-operation rate, overall mortality, operative time, pain, intra-operative blood loss, and length of stay. RESULTS: Nine studies met inclusion criteria, comprising a total of 698 hips (330 direct anterior, 57 anterolateral, 89 lateral, 114 posterolateral, 108 posterior approach). With regard to functional mobility, DAA was favored in 4 studies, and no study favored another approach over DAA. DAA had a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to posterior capsular approaches. Analysis of other secondary outcomes did not identify statistically significant differences. CONCLUSION: This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the DAA for hemiarthroplasty. Available evidence suggests superior early functional mobility with the DAA. The DAA is associated with a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to posterior capsular approaches for hemiarthroplasty. More... »

PAGES

217-232

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00590-017-2033-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-017-2033-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091381442

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28852880


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56 schema:description BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether the direct anterior approach (DAA) is associated with improved functional and clinical outcomes compared to other surgical approaches for hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized trials and cohort studies of hemiarthroplasty performed via DAA versus another surgical approach (anterolateral, lateral, posterolateral, posterior) were included. Our primary outcome was postoperative functional mobility. Secondary outcomes included overall complication rate, dislocation rate, perioperative fracture, infection rate, re-operation rate, overall mortality, operative time, pain, intra-operative blood loss, and length of stay. RESULTS: Nine studies met inclusion criteria, comprising a total of 698 hips (330 direct anterior, 57 anterolateral, 89 lateral, 114 posterolateral, 108 posterior approach). With regard to functional mobility, DAA was favored in 4 studies, and no study favored another approach over DAA. DAA had a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to posterior capsular approaches. Analysis of other secondary outcomes did not identify statistically significant differences. CONCLUSION: This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the DAA for hemiarthroplasty. Available evidence suggests superior early functional mobility with the DAA. The DAA is associated with a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to posterior capsular approaches for hemiarthroplasty.
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