Study on related simulations between exit characteristics and evacuation performance View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-07-31

AUTHORS

Yung-Piao Chiu, Yan-Chyuan Shiau, Yi-Hsuan Lai

ABSTRACT

During a building disaster, building occupants typically engage in herd behavior, which results in friction, pushing, and even injury and death. Building occupants crowding at exits increases the difficulty of an evacuation. By properly dividing building occupants, the problem of pushing can be diminished. In this study, various software packages were used to construct building models, and evacuation times were simulated under various evacuation conditions. In addition, obstacles were placed in front of exits to explore their effects on building occupant evacuation behavior. Unity and C# were utilized to develop software that could simulate building evacuations, and the simulation results were compared with those generated using EXODUS and Pathfinder. Moreover, the effects of installing obstacles at exits and changing exit widths, obstacle widths, and the number of occupants evacuated from the buildings on evacuation times were explored. The results indicated that by placing an obstacle in front of an exit, the evacuation time was reduced, especially when the width of the obstacle was close to that of the exit. However, when the number of building occupants reached 60 and the exits measured 120 cm wide or less, placing obstacles did not improve congestion much. The study results can be used as a reference by related departments to reduce the number of casualties as a result of crowding at exits as well as well as building occupants panicking and rushing for exits. More... »

PAGES

1091-1098

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105927136


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/10", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Technology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1005", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Communications Technologies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1007", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Nanotechnology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411655.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Digital Media Design, Hwa Hsia Institute of Technology, New Taipei City, Taiwan", 
            "Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chiu", 
        "givenName": "Yung-Piao", 
        "id": "sg:person.012523743357.91", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012523743357.91"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Landscape Architecture, Chung Hua University, 707, WuFu Rd., Sec. 2, Hsinchu, Taiwan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411655.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Landscape Architecture, Chung Hua University, 707, WuFu Rd., Sec. 2, Hsinchu, Taiwan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shiau", 
        "givenName": "Yan-Chyuan", 
        "id": "sg:person.07720366401.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07720366401.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411655.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lai", 
        "givenName": "Yi-Hsuan", 
        "id": "sg:person.012166437423.21", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012166437423.21"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01039526", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025552448", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01039526"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02993488", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017401769", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02993488"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-07-31", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-07-31", 
    "description": "During a building disaster, building occupants typically engage in herd behavior, which results in friction, pushing, and even injury and death. Building occupants crowding at exits increases the difficulty of an evacuation. By properly dividing building occupants, the problem of pushing can be diminished. In this study, various software packages were used to construct building models, and evacuation times were simulated under various evacuation conditions. In addition, obstacles were placed in front of exits to explore their effects on building occupant evacuation behavior. Unity and C# were utilized to develop software that could simulate building evacuations, and the simulation results were compared with those generated using EXODUS and Pathfinder. Moreover, the effects of installing obstacles at exits and changing exit widths, obstacle widths, and the number of occupants evacuated from the buildings on evacuation times were explored. The results indicated that by placing an obstacle in front of an exit, the evacuation time was reduced, especially when the width of the obstacle was close to that of the exit. However, when the number of building occupants reached 60 and the exits measured 120\u00a0cm wide or less, placing obstacles did not improve congestion much. The study results can be used as a reference by related departments to reduce the number of casualties as a result of crowding at exits as well as well as building occupants panicking and rushing for exits.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1294787", 
        "issn": [
          "0946-7076", 
          "1432-1858"
        ], 
        "name": "Microsystem Technologies", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "27"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "study results", 
      "injury", 
      "evacuation", 
      "death", 
      "Department", 
      "effect", 
      "number", 
      "time", 
      "study", 
      "results", 
      "related departments", 
      "casualties", 
      "difficulties", 
      "addition", 
      "pushing", 
      "obstacles", 
      "congestion", 
      "number of casualties", 
      "occupants", 
      "characteristics", 
      "exit", 
      "evacuation time", 
      "conditions", 
      "reference", 
      "behavior", 
      "building occupants", 
      "model", 
      "number of occupants", 
      "width", 
      "disasters", 
      "problem", 
      "building models", 
      "building evacuation", 
      "evacuation performance", 
      "front of exits", 
      "evacuation behavior", 
      "exit width", 
      "exit characteristics", 
      "package", 
      "occupant evacuation behaviors", 
      "software", 
      "software package", 
      "front", 
      "simulation results", 
      "obstacle width", 
      "related simulations", 
      "evacuation conditions", 
      "buildings", 
      "performance", 
      "building disaster", 
      "exodus", 
      "friction", 
      "unity", 
      "Pathfinder", 
      "simulations", 
      "herd behavior", 
      "problem of pushing"
    ], 
    "name": "Study on related simulations between exit characteristics and evacuation performance", 
    "pagination": "1091-1098", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1105927136"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105927136"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:41", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_775.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

144 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      85 URIs      74 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:10
2 anzsrc-for:1005
3 anzsrc-for:1007
4 schema:author N8341d1fa01cf4c0ba644aae97c368f3c
5 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01039526
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02993488
7 schema:datePublished 2018-07-31
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-07-31
9 schema:description During a building disaster, building occupants typically engage in herd behavior, which results in friction, pushing, and even injury and death. Building occupants crowding at exits increases the difficulty of an evacuation. By properly dividing building occupants, the problem of pushing can be diminished. In this study, various software packages were used to construct building models, and evacuation times were simulated under various evacuation conditions. In addition, obstacles were placed in front of exits to explore their effects on building occupant evacuation behavior. Unity and C# were utilized to develop software that could simulate building evacuations, and the simulation results were compared with those generated using EXODUS and Pathfinder. Moreover, the effects of installing obstacles at exits and changing exit widths, obstacle widths, and the number of occupants evacuated from the buildings on evacuation times were explored. The results indicated that by placing an obstacle in front of an exit, the evacuation time was reduced, especially when the width of the obstacle was close to that of the exit. However, when the number of building occupants reached 60 and the exits measured 120 cm wide or less, placing obstacles did not improve congestion much. The study results can be used as a reference by related departments to reduce the number of casualties as a result of crowding at exits as well as well as building occupants panicking and rushing for exits.
10 schema:genre article
11 schema:inLanguage en
12 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
13 schema:isPartOf Na11febdd547e4350a787a621fe190f43
14 Na9ff9379949f462bba4426ac1cf29d42
15 sg:journal.1294787
16 schema:keywords Department
17 Pathfinder
18 addition
19 behavior
20 building disaster
21 building evacuation
22 building models
23 building occupants
24 buildings
25 casualties
26 characteristics
27 conditions
28 congestion
29 death
30 difficulties
31 disasters
32 effect
33 evacuation
34 evacuation behavior
35 evacuation conditions
36 evacuation performance
37 evacuation time
38 exit
39 exit characteristics
40 exit width
41 exodus
42 friction
43 front
44 front of exits
45 herd behavior
46 injury
47 model
48 number
49 number of casualties
50 number of occupants
51 obstacle width
52 obstacles
53 occupant evacuation behaviors
54 occupants
55 package
56 performance
57 problem
58 problem of pushing
59 pushing
60 reference
61 related departments
62 related simulations
63 results
64 simulation results
65 simulations
66 software
67 software package
68 study
69 study results
70 time
71 unity
72 width
73 schema:name Study on related simulations between exit characteristics and evacuation performance
74 schema:pagination 1091-1098
75 schema:productId N415ecf8567f04dfdb83b56c5eaff4e66
76 N7542cb5c71a841dcaf2bd4975dec55fa
77 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105927136
78 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3
79 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:41
80 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
81 schema:sdPublisher N07a0c538f111406289555f0942a0064d
82 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3
83 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
84 sgo:sdDataset articles
85 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
86 N07a0c538f111406289555f0942a0064d schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
87 rdf:type schema:Organization
88 N415ecf8567f04dfdb83b56c5eaff4e66 schema:name doi
89 schema:value 10.1007/s00542-018-4063-3
90 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
91 N7542cb5c71a841dcaf2bd4975dec55fa schema:name dimensions_id
92 schema:value pub.1105927136
93 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
94 N830ae614768444a1ad99d53b7fd1bc4a rdf:first sg:person.012166437423.21
95 rdf:rest rdf:nil
96 N8341d1fa01cf4c0ba644aae97c368f3c rdf:first sg:person.012523743357.91
97 rdf:rest Neb43b472e1334272a71c7ce614f45794
98 Na11febdd547e4350a787a621fe190f43 schema:issueNumber 4
99 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
100 Na9ff9379949f462bba4426ac1cf29d42 schema:volumeNumber 27
101 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
102 Neb43b472e1334272a71c7ce614f45794 rdf:first sg:person.07720366401.82
103 rdf:rest N830ae614768444a1ad99d53b7fd1bc4a
104 anzsrc-for:10 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
105 schema:name Technology
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 anzsrc-for:1005 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
108 schema:name Communications Technologies
109 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
110 anzsrc-for:1007 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
111 schema:name Nanotechnology
112 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
113 sg:journal.1294787 schema:issn 0946-7076
114 1432-1858
115 schema:name Microsystem Technologies
116 schema:publisher Springer Nature
117 rdf:type schema:Periodical
118 sg:person.012166437423.21 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.411655.2
119 schema:familyName Lai
120 schema:givenName Yi-Hsuan
121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012166437423.21
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 sg:person.012523743357.91 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.411655.2
124 schema:familyName Chiu
125 schema:givenName Yung-Piao
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012523743357.91
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:person.07720366401.82 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.411655.2
129 schema:familyName Shiau
130 schema:givenName Yan-Chyuan
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07720366401.82
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01039526 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025552448
134 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01039526
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02993488 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017401769
137 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02993488
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 grid-institutes:grid.411655.2 schema:alternateName Department of Landscape Architecture, Chung Hua University, 707, WuFu Rd., Sec. 2, Hsinchu, Taiwan
140 Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
141 schema:name Department of Digital Media Design, Hwa Hsia Institute of Technology, New Taipei City, Taiwan
142 Department of Landscape Architecture, Chung Hua University, 707, WuFu Rd., Sec. 2, Hsinchu, Taiwan
143 Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
144 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...