Hypotension after induction of general anesthesia: occurrence, risk factors, and therapy. A prospective multicentre observational study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-10

AUTHORS

Ondrej Jor, Jan Maca, Jirina Koutna, Michaela Gemrotova, Tomas Vymazal, Martina Litschmannova, Pavel Sevcik, Petr Reimer, Vera Mikulova, Michaela Trlicova, Vladimir Cerny

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypotension after induction of general anesthesia (GAIH) is common in anesthesiology practice and can impact outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study, the hypotension was defined as a decrease in mean arterial pressure of > 30% compared to the first measurement in the operation theatre before general anesthesia (GA) induction. Blood pressure was measured immediately at the time of endotracheal intubation (TETI), at five (T5) and 10 (T10) minutes after. All subjects aged > 18 years undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery under GA were included. The goals were description of GAIH occurrence, the association of GAIH with selected comorbidities, chronic medications, and anesthetics with GAIH, and the type and efficacy of interventions used to correct hypotension. RESULTS: Data from 661 subjects, whose GA was induced with propofol and sufentanil, were analyzed. In 36.5% of subjects, GAIH was observed at ≥ 1 of the assessed time points. GAIH was present in 2.9% subjects at all time points. The probability of GAIH is raising with age, degree of hypertension at time of arrival to theatre and presence of diabetes. The type of volatile anesthetic was not associated with the occurrence of GAIH. The overall efficiency of interventions to correct hypotension was 94.4%. Bolus fluids were the most often used intervention and was 96.4% effective. CONCLUSION: GAIH rate depends on age, degree of blood pressure decompensation prior the surgery, and presence of diabetes mellitus type II. More... »

PAGES

673-680

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00540-018-2532-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-018-2532-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105704518

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30027443


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27 schema:description BACKGROUND: Hypotension after induction of general anesthesia (GAIH) is common in anesthesiology practice and can impact outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study, the hypotension was defined as a decrease in mean arterial pressure of > 30% compared to the first measurement in the operation theatre before general anesthesia (GA) induction. Blood pressure was measured immediately at the time of endotracheal intubation (TETI), at five (T5) and 10 (T10) minutes after. All subjects aged > 18 years undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery under GA were included. The goals were description of GAIH occurrence, the association of GAIH with selected comorbidities, chronic medications, and anesthetics with GAIH, and the type and efficacy of interventions used to correct hypotension. RESULTS: Data from 661 subjects, whose GA was induced with propofol and sufentanil, were analyzed. In 36.5% of subjects, GAIH was observed at ≥ 1 of the assessed time points. GAIH was present in 2.9% subjects at all time points. The probability of GAIH is raising with age, degree of hypertension at time of arrival to theatre and presence of diabetes. The type of volatile anesthetic was not associated with the occurrence of GAIH. The overall efficiency of interventions to correct hypotension was 94.4%. Bolus fluids were the most often used intervention and was 96.4% effective. CONCLUSION: GAIH rate depends on age, degree of blood pressure decompensation prior the surgery, and presence of diabetes mellitus type II.
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