Anatomical basis for simultaneous block of greater and third occipital nerves, with an ultrasound-guided technique View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-08

AUTHORS

Ken Kariya, Yosuke Usui, Naoko Higashi, Tatsuo Nakamoto, Hironobu Shimbori, Satoshi Terada, Hideo Takahashi, Hisashi Ueta, Yusuke Kitazawa, Yasushi Sawanobori, Yasuhisa Okuda, Kenjiro Matsuno

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In some headache disorders, for which the greater occipital nerve block is partly effective, the third occipital nerve is also suggested to be involved. We aimed to establish a simple technique for simultaneously blocking the greater and third occipital nerves. METHODS: We performed a detailed examination of dorsal neck anatomy in 33 formalin-fixed cadavers, and deduced two candidate target points for blocking both the greater and third occipital nerves. These target points were tested on three Thiel-fixed cadavers. We performed ultrasound-guided dye injections into these points, examined the results by dissection, and selected the most suitable injection point. Finally, this target point was tested in three healthy volunteers. We injected 4 ml of local anesthetic and 1 ml of radiopaque material at the selected point, guided with a standard ultrasound system. Then, the pattern of local anesthetic distribution was imaged with computed tomography. RESULTS: We deduced that the most suitable injection point was the medial head of the semispinalis capitis muscle at the C1 level of the cervical vertebra. Both nerves entered this muscle, in close proximity, with little individual variation. In healthy volunteers, an anesthetic injected was confined to the muscle and induced anesthesia in the skin areas innervated by both nerves. CONCLUSIONS: The medial head of the semispinalis capitis muscle is a suitable landmark for blocking the greater and third occipital nerves simultaneously, by which occipital nerve involvement in various headache disorders may be rapidly examined and treated. More... »

PAGES

483-492

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00540-017-2429-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-017-2429-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092666416

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29134424


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