A proposal of a simple epidural simulator for training novice anesthesiologists View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-05-18

AUTHORS

Sung-Moon Jeong, Jae Moon Choi, Ji Hyun Kim, Hwanhee Yoo, Sukyung Lee, Hyungseok Seo, Sooyoung Kim, Sung-Hoon Kim

ABSTRACT

PurposeConfirming the epidural space during epidural anesthesia relies mainly on feel and experience, which are difficult techniques for a trainee to learn. We designed an epidural simulator for trainees to experience loss of resistance (LOR) and various degrees of pressure resistance.MethodsThe simulator consists of a Perifix® LOR syringe and 1-, 5-, 10- and 50-mL syringes assembled by three-way stopcocks. A total of 89 anesthesiologists evaluated the simulator, given the choice of either the intermittent technique with air or continuous technique with saline. Sudden LOR and applicability of the simulator for training purposes were assessed using the numerical rating score (NRS). Pressure resistance at each lumbar structure was evaluated by the anesthesiologists using the intermittent technique with air.ResultsSeventy-four anesthesiologists used the intermittent technique with air and 15 used the continuous technique with saline. The NRSs for sudden LOR and the applicability for training purposes were 8 and 9 (median), respectively. The pressure resistance to a 50-mL syringe was regarded as the epidural space (odds ratio 602.3 for 5-mL syringe and 144.4 for 10-mL syringe) by 89 % of anesthesiologists using air for LOR. Resistance to the 10-mL syringe was most frequently considered as muscle, subcutaneous fat, or the interspinous ligament, while resistance to the 1-mL syringe was considered as the ligamentum flavum (odds ratio 2.3 for 5-mL syringe and 18.6 for 10-mL syringe).ConclusionsOur epidural simulator is a simple, low-cost device that can be easily constructed. It was shown to provide valid haptic feedback as a promising tool for training novice anesthesiologists. More... »

PAGES

591-595

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00540-016-2182-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-016-2182-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011689179

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27193185


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