Improved esophagography screening for esophageal motility disorders using wave appearance and supra-junctional ballooning View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-08-24

AUTHORS

Yoshitaka Hata, Eikichi Ihara, Masafumi Wada, Hirotaka Tsuru, Kazumasa Muta, Yosuke Minoda, Xiaopeng Bai, Mitsuru Esaki, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Takatoshi Chinen, Haruei Ogino, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Yoshihiro Ogawa

ABSTRACT

BackgroundHigh-resolution manometry (HRM) is the gold standard for diagnosing esophageal motility disorders (EMDs); however, it requires specialized equipment. The development of more accessible screening examinations is expected. We evaluated the utility of barium esophagography (BE) screening using two novel findings to diagnose EMDs.MethodsBetween January 2013 and October 2020, 244 patients with suspected EMDs who underwent both HRM and BE were analyzed. The EMD diagnosis was based on HRM findings using Chicago Classification version 3.0. BE was performed using sequential esophagography with barium sulfate. Three conventional BE findings (air-fluid level, rosary-bead/corkscrew appearance, and absent/weak peristalsis) and two novel BE findings (wave appearance and supra-junctional ballooning) were used for diagnosis.ResultsThe sensitivity and specificity of BE screening using the two novel findings and conventional findings to diagnose EMDs were 79.4% and 88%, respectively [area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.837]. Without these novel findings, they were 63.9% and 96%, respectively (AUC = 0.800), respectively. Achalasia was highly correlated with the air-fluid level (88.7%). Absent contractility was highly correlated with absent/weak peristalsis (85.7%). Relatively high correlations were observed between distal esophageal spasm and rosary-bead/corkscrew appearance (60%), and between achalasia and wave appearance (59.7%). The intra-observer reproducibility and inter-observer agreement for individual BE findings were 84.4% and 75%, respectively. Wave appearance was associated with higher integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) and shorter distal latency. Supra-junctional ballooning was associated with higher IRP.ConclusionsBE screening using two additional novel findings to diagnose EMDs could be useful in general practice. More... »

PAGES

838-847

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00535-022-01913-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00535-022-01913-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1150458527

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36001159


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