Pathogenic effects of Desulfovibrio in the gut on fatty liver in diet-induced obese mice and children with obesity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-08-17

AUTHORS

Yu-Cheng Lin, Hsueh-Fang Lin, Chi-Chien Wu, Chun-Liang Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni

ABSTRACT

BackgroundAlthough we know the key role of gut dysbiosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), it remains unclear what microbe(s) are responsible. This study aims to identify the microbes that cause NAFLD.MethodsC57BL/6JNarl male mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) were orally administered Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) or Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG plus Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB12 (LGG plus BB12). Their fecal microbiomes identified by 16S rRNA sequencing were correlated with the severity of fatty liver. We then used a human cohort to confirm the role of the microbe(s). The HFD-fed mice were administrated with the identified bacterium, Desulfovibrio. The histopathological changes in the liver and ileum were analyzed.ResultsLactobacillus and Bifidobacterium improved hepatic steatosis and fibrosis in HFD-fed mice, which was related to the decreased abundance of Desulfovibrio in feces. Further human study confirmed the amount of D. piger in the fecal microbiota of obese children with NAFLD was increased. We then administered D. piger and found aggravated hepatic steatosis and fibrosis in HFD-fed mice. Hepatic expression of CD36 was significantly increased in HFD-fed mice gavaged with D. piger. In HepG2 cells, overexpression of CD36 increased lipid droplets, whereas knockdown of CD36 decreased lipid droplets. HFD-fed mice gavaged with D. piger had a decrease in the villus length, crypt depth, and zonula occludens-1 density in the ileum tissue.ConclusionsOur findings provide novel insights into the role of Desulfovibrio dysregulation in NAFLD. Modulation of Desulfovibrio may be a potential target for the treatment of NAFLD. More... »

PAGES

913-925

References to SciGraph publications

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00535-022-01909-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00535-022-01909-0

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1150278939

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35976494


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