Hepatic IRS1 and ß-catenin expression is associated with histological progression and overt diabetes emergence in NAFLD patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-05-10

AUTHORS

Kenichiro Enooku, Mayuko Kondo, Naoto Fujiwara, Takayoshi Sasako, Junji Shibahara, Akira Kado, Kazuya Okushin, Hidetaka Fujinaga, Takeya Tsutsumi, Ryo Nakagomi, Tatsuya Minami, Masaya Sato, Hayato Nakagawa, Yuji Kondo, Yoshinari Asaoka, Ryosuke Tateishi, Kohjiro Ueki, Hitoshi Ikeda, Haruhiko Yoshida, Kyoji Moriya, Hiroshi Yotsuyanagi, Takashi Kadowaki, Masashi Fukayama, Kazuhiko Koike

ABSTRACT

BackgroundNonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between NAFLD and impaired glucose metabolism in terms of insulin receptor substrate 1 and 2 (IRS1 and IRS2) expression in the liver.MethodsLiver biopsy was performed at the University of Tokyo Hospital between November 2011 and March 2016 on 146 patients with NAFLD who were not being treated with any diabetes or dyslipidemia drugs. Among them, 63 underwent liver biopsy after an overnight fast, and 83 at 5 h after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Differences in messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of several glucose metabolism-related factors were determined and correlated with hepatic histological changes assessed by NAFLD activity score. We prospectively followed up with the patients until May 2017.ResultsHepatic necroinflammation was significantly correlated with serum insulin levels and inversely correlated with IRS1 mRNA levels. In specimens obtained after an OGTT, hepatic necroinflammation and IRS1 expression correlated significantly with both peripheral and hepatic insulin resistance. We also found that hepatic β-catenin and glucokinase mRNA levels were elevated in patients undergoing liver biopsy after an OGTT, especially in those with less hepatic necroinflammation and a lower degree of fibrosis. A prospective cohort study showed that ballooning is the most significant risk factor for developing diabetes.ConclusionsThe decreased hepatic expression of IRS1 and β-catenin in NAFLD is linked to histological progression such as ballooning, and might lead to diabetes as a result of impaired glucose metabolism. More... »

PAGES

1261-1275

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00535-018-1472-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00535-018-1472-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103924928

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29749571


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