Upregulated absorption of dietary palmitic acids with changes in intestinal transporters in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-01-06

AUTHORS

Hiroki Utsunomiya, Yasunori Yamamoto, Eiji Takeshita, Yoshio Tokumoto, Fujimasa Tada, Teruki Miyake, Masashi Hirooka, Masanori Abe, Teru Kumagi, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoshio Ikeda, Yoichi Hiasa

ABSTRACT

BackgroundPalmitic acid is an important risk factor for the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but changes in palmitic acid intestinal absorption in NASH are unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify changes in palmitic acid intestinal absorption and their association with the pathogenesis of NASH.MethodsA total of 106 participants were recruited to the study, of whom 33 were control subjects (control group), 32 were patients with NASH Brunt stage 1–2 [early NASH (e-NASH)], and 41 were patients with NASH Brunt stage 3–4 [advanced NASH (a-NASH)]. 13C-labeled palmitate was administered directly into the duodenum of all participants by gastrointestinal endoscopy. Breath 13CO2 levels were measured to quantify palmitic acid absorption, and serum Apolipoprotein B-48 (ApoB-48) concentrations were measured after a test meal to quantify absorbed chylomicrons. Expressions of fatty acid (FA) transporters were also examined. The associations of breath 13CO2 levels with hepatic steatosis, fibrosis and insulin resistance was evaluated using laboratory data, elastography results and liver histology findings.ResultsOverall, 13CO2 excretion was significantly higher in e-NASH patients than in the control subjects and a-NASH patients (P < 0.01). e-NASH patients had higher serum ApoB-48 levels, indicating increased palmitic acid transport via chylomicrons in these patients. Jejunal mRNA and protein expressions of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein and cluster of differentiation 36 were also increased in both NASH patient groups. The 13CO2 excretion of e-NASH patients was significantly correlated with the degree of hepatic steatosis, fibrosis and insulin resistance (P = 0.005, P < 0.001, P = 0.019, respectively).ConclusionsSignificantly upregulated palmitic acid absorption by activation of its transporters was evident in patients with NASH, and clinical progression of NASH was related to palmitic acid absorption. These dietary changes are associated with the onset and progression of NASH. More... »

PAGES

940-954

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00535-016-1298-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00535-016-1298-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005950159

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28062946


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    "description": "BackgroundPalmitic acid is an important risk factor for the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but changes in palmitic acid intestinal absorption in NASH are unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify changes in palmitic acid intestinal absorption and their association with the pathogenesis of NASH.MethodsA total of 106 participants were recruited to the study, of whom 33 were control subjects (control group), 32 were patients with NASH Brunt stage 1\u20132 [early NASH (e-NASH)], and 41 were patients with NASH Brunt stage 3\u20134 [advanced NASH (a-NASH)]. 13C-labeled palmitate was administered directly into the duodenum of all participants by gastrointestinal endoscopy. Breath 13CO2 levels were measured to quantify palmitic acid absorption, and serum Apolipoprotein B-48 (ApoB-48) concentrations were measured after a test meal to quantify absorbed chylomicrons. Expressions of fatty acid (FA) transporters were also examined. The associations of breath 13CO2 levels with hepatic steatosis, fibrosis and insulin resistance was evaluated using laboratory data, elastography results and liver histology findings.ResultsOverall, 13CO2 excretion was significantly higher in e-NASH patients than in the control subjects and a-NASH patients (P\u00a0<\u00a00.01). e-NASH patients had higher serum ApoB-48 levels, indicating increased palmitic acid transport via chylomicrons in these patients. Jejunal mRNA and protein expressions of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein and cluster of differentiation 36 were also increased in both NASH patient groups. The 13CO2 excretion of e-NASH patients was significantly correlated with the degree of hepatic steatosis, fibrosis and insulin resistance (P\u00a0=\u00a00.005, P\u00a0<\u00a00.001, P\u00a0=\u00a00.019, respectively).ConclusionsSignificantly upregulated palmitic acid absorption by activation of its transporters was evident in patients with NASH, and clinical progression of NASH was related to palmitic acid absorption. These dietary changes are associated with the onset and progression of NASH.", 
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