Immunoregulatory function of PIR-A/B+ DCs in the inflammatory responses of dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-10

AUTHORS

Akiko Kurishima, Muneo Inaba, Yutaku Sakaguchi, Toshiro Fukui, Kazushige Uchida, Akiyoshi Nishio, Shosaku Nomura, Kazuichi Okazaki

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) may play an important role in forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. DCs are generally recognized as initiators of acquired immunity and also serve as regulators of both innate and acquired immunity. We used the animal model of colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), and examined whether DCs prepared from the colon show immunoregulatory roles in the termination of DSS-induced colitis. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice exposed to DSS for 5 days developed acute colitis. DCs were isolated from the large intestinal lamina propria, and then analyzed for phenotypical, functional, and genetic data. RESULTS: Only PIR-A/B(low) conventional DCs (cDCs) were detected in the steady state. However, after the treatment of DSS, PIR-A/B(high) cDCs appeared and gradually increased from day 5 to day 7, at which time the DSS-induced colitis was terminated. Then, allogeneic mixed leukocyte reaction (MLR) was performed. The stimulatory activity of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs obtained on day 7 was very low, and the addition of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs suppressed the T cell proliferation in MLR, indicating the immunoregulatory role of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs. The immunoregulatory role of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs was confirmed by the in vivo transfer experiment, showing their therapeutic effect on DSS-induced colitis. The message level of TGFβi was significantly higher in PIR-A/B(high) cDCs, while that of IFN-γ was highly upregulated in PIR-A/B(low) cDCs, being well in accordance with the fact that PIR-A/B(high) cDCs showed a suppressive function against activated T cells. CONCLUSION: PIR-A/B(high) cDCs showed a suppressive function against activated T cells by producing inhibitory cytokines. More... »

PAGES

1367-1377

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00535-013-0879-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00535-013-0879-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038004722

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24077781


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    "description": "BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) may play an important role in forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. DCs are generally recognized as initiators of acquired immunity and also serve as regulators of both innate and acquired immunity. We used the animal model of colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), and examined whether DCs prepared from the colon show immunoregulatory roles in the termination of DSS-induced colitis.\nMETHODS: C57BL/6 mice exposed to DSS for 5 days developed acute colitis. DCs were isolated from the large intestinal lamina propria, and then analyzed for phenotypical, functional, and genetic data.\nRESULTS: Only PIR-A/B(low) conventional DCs (cDCs) were detected in the steady state. However, after the treatment of DSS, PIR-A/B(high) cDCs appeared and gradually increased from day 5 to day 7, at which time the DSS-induced colitis was terminated. Then, allogeneic mixed leukocyte reaction (MLR) was performed. The stimulatory activity of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs obtained on day 7 was very low, and the addition of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs suppressed the T cell proliferation in MLR, indicating the immunoregulatory role of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs. The immunoregulatory role of PIR-A/B(high) cDCs was confirmed by the in vivo transfer experiment, showing their therapeutic effect on DSS-induced colitis. The message level of TGF\u03b2i was significantly higher in PIR-A/B(high) cDCs, while that of IFN-\u03b3 was highly upregulated in PIR-A/B(low) cDCs, being well in accordance with the fact that PIR-A/B(high) cDCs showed a suppressive function against activated T cells.\nCONCLUSION: PIR-A/B(high) cDCs showed a suppressive function against activated T cells by producing inhibitory cytokines.", 
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