Impact of opioid-induced constipation on healthcare resource utilization and costs for cancer pain patients receiving continuous opioid therapy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Perry G. Fine, Yen-Wen Chen, Eric Wittbrodt, Catherine Datto

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Opioid therapy is often associated with adverse effects, including opioid-induced constipation (OIC), in patients receiving opioids for cancer pain. This retrospective observational cohort study evaluated healthcare utilization and costs during the first year after initiating opioid therapy among cancer patients with (cohort 1) and without (cohort 2) constipation. METHODS: This study used administrative claims data from the HealthCore Integrated Research Environment between January 1, 2006, and April 30, 2014. Eligible patients included adults ≥ 18 years with a diagnosis of cancer who initiated continuous opioid therapy (≥ 30 days). Propensity scores were used to match patients with constipation in a 1:1 ratio to those without constipation. Generalized linear models were used to evaluate healthcare utilization and costs during the 12 months after initiating opioid therapy. RESULTS: After matching, 1369 patients were included in each cohort. Patients with constipation were more than twice as likely as those without constipation to have an all-cause inpatient hospitalization (odds ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)], 2.47 [2.11-2.90]), or pain-related hospitalization (2.15 [1.82-2.54]) during the 12 months after initiating therapy. Mean unadjusted overall healthcare costs during the first 12 months post-index were $21,629 (95% CI, $14,850-$29,018) higher for patients with constipation than for those without constipation. For patients with constipation, total mean (SD) constipation-related costs were $9196 ($26,896). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that OIC is associated with significantly increased healthcare and economic burden in cancer pain patients and that early and ongoing recognition and management of OIC are unmet needs in this population. More... »

PAGES

687-696

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1998-06. Constipation in advanced cancer patients in SUPPORTIVE CARE IN CANCER
  • 2008-05. Constipation in cancer patients on morphine in SUPPORTIVE CARE IN CANCER
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00520-018-4366-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-018-4366-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105897325

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30056531


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