In vitro double fertilization in Nicotiana tabacum (L.): polygamy compared with selected single pair somatic protoplast and chloroplast fusions View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2000-09

AUTHORS

Meng-Xiang Sun, Alessandra Moscatelli, Hong-Yuan Yang, M. Cresti

ABSTRACT

In vitro polygamy was studied mainly by using isolated sperm and central cells of tobacco in order to elucidate the mechanism that might be involved in preventing in vivo polygamy. In 17.5% 4000 M.W. polyethylene glycol, only when two sperm cells were made close enough to each other and adhered to a female cell simultaneously was polygamy possible. If one sperm cell fused with the egg or central cell, within 30 min another sperm cell could not fuse with the same egg or central cell. Similar phenomena were found in selected single somatic cell fusion. When more than two protoplasts adhered to each other simultaneously, fusion was always successful; after two protoplasts fused, within 30 min the fusion products could not fuse with another protoplast under the same conditions. This comparative study revealed this characteristic to be shared by both sexual and somatic cell fusion. However, after cytoplasm reorganization was complete in the fusion product, it was possible for the fusion product to fuse with the third protoplast. This indicates that the obstruction to additional fusion was present only during a certain period after the preceding fusion under certain condition. The possible reason for the effect is discussed. More... »

PAGES

113-117

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004970000044

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004970000044

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029711526


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