Cytological investigation of male sterility in sorghum caused by a dominant mutation (Mstc) derived from tissue culture View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-05

AUTHORS

M. I. Tsvetova, L. A. Elkonin

ABSTRACT

Male sterility mutations are an important tool in the investigation of anther and pollen development and for obtaining hybrid seeds in plant breeding. Cytological analysis of microsporo- and microgameto-genesis in sorghum plants with dominant mutation of male sterility (Mstc) derived from tissue culture has been carried out. Using substitution backcrosses, this mutation was introduced first into the nuclear background of the fertile sorghum line SK-723 and from this line into Volzhskoe-4w (V-4w). The mechanism of Mstc action on anther and pollen development differed in different nuclear backgrounds. In SK-723, phenotypic expression of Mstc began before the beginning of meiosis, which resulted in degeneration of sporogenous tissue in some anthers and in significant disturbances of anther morphology. In microsporocytes that did not degenerate, the frequency of non-specific meiotic abnormalities characteristic of the fertile line SK-723 significantly increased. In addition, in the mutant plants, a number of specific meiotic abnormalities—almost complete desynapsis, and formation of syncytial structures—were observed, apparently the consequence of Mstc action. In mono- or bi-nucleate microspores, degenerative processes resulting in formation of empty or anomalously coloured pollen grains led to almost complete male sterility. In the V-4w nuclear background, changes in anther structure and meiotic disturbances were infrequent. The degenerative processes began at the uni- or binucleate microspore stage and resulted in formation of empty or abnormally coloured pollen grains, and in partial pollen sterility. Thus, the same nuclear male sterility-inducing mutation in different nuclear backgrounds affects different stages of pollen development. More... »

PAGES

43-49

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00497-003-0172-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00497-003-0172-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086196938


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