Direct evidence of pseudogamy in apomictic Brachiariabrizantha (Poaceae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-12

AUTHORS

Elizangela R. Alves, Vera T. Carneiro, Ana C. Araujo

ABSTRACT

Brachiaria brizantha is a forage grass that has several apomictic accessions. B. brizantha cv. Marandu is a natural tetraploid aposporous apomict widely cultivated in Brazil. Pseudogamy was detected in this species by observation that seed set is suppressed in plants that have had the stigmas excised from the flowers. The egg cell develops parthenogenetically in the apomictic plants, meaning that fertilisation is necessary for the formation of the endosperm. A thorough knowledge of all the events of seed formation in natural apomictic plants is essential for a complete understanding of this mode of reproduction. In this paper, we show direct evidence of pseudogamy in B. brizantha through the cytological analysis of polar nucleus fertilisation and the determination of triploid level of the endosperm tissue. The development of the male gametophyte gives rise to a reduced tri-celled pollen, the viability of which varies throughout the year, reaching 88% in the peak of the flowering period. Discharge of the male gamete takes place around 10 h after pollination and monospermy is the predominant system observed. Precocious embryony was also observed in these plants; embryos arise from egg cells. Endosperm development followed the free nucleus model and was associated with the presence of an embryo. Cellularisation and reserve uptake occurred 2 days after pollination (DAP) and mature endosperm was observed 8 DAP. The triploid level of the endosperm in the apomictic accession confirmed the 2:1 maternal:paternal ratio of genome contribution in the tissue. More... »

PAGES

207-212

Journal

TITLE

Plant Reproduction

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

14

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00497-001-0120-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00497-001-0120-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031412762

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24573428


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