Environmental effects on stem water deficit in co-occurring conifers exposed to soil dryness View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-04

AUTHORS

Walter Oberhuber, Werner Kofler, Roman Schuster, Gerhard Wieser

ABSTRACT

We monitored dynamics of stem water deficit (ΔW) and needle water potential (Ψ) during two consecutive growing seasons (2011 and 2012) in a dry inner Alpine environment (750 m above sea level, Tyrol, Austria), where Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies and Larix decidua form mixed stands. ΔW was extracted from stem circumference variations, which were continuously recorded by electronic band dendrometers (six trees per species) and correlations with environmental variables were performed. Results revealed that (i) ΔW reached highest and lowest values in P. abies and L. decidua, respectively, while mean minimum water potential (Ψ(ea)) amounted to -3.0 MPa in L. decidua and -1.8 MPa in P. abies and P. sylvestris. (ii) ΔW and Ψ(ea) were significantly correlated in P. abies (r = 0.630; P = 0.038) and L. decidua (r = 0.646; P = 0.032). (iii) In all species, ΔW reached highest values in late summer and was most closely related to temperature (P < 0.001). Results indicate that all species were undergoing water limitations as measured by increasing ΔW throughout the growing season, whereby P. abies most strongly drew upon water reserves in the living tissues of the bark. Quite similar ΔW developed in drought-sensitive L. decidua and drought-tolerant P. sylvestris indicate that various water storage locations are depleted in species showing different strategies of water status regulation, i.e. anisohydric vs. isohydric behavior, respectively, and/or water uptake efficiency differs among these species. Close coupling of ΔW to temperature suggests that climate warming affects plant water status through its effect on atmospheric demand for moisture. More... »

PAGES

417-426

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2013-02. Drought sensitivity of three co-occurring conifers within a dry inner Alpine environment in TREES
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  • 2010-10. Climatic influences on intra-annual stem radial increment of Pinus sylvestris (L.) exposed to drought in TREES
  • 1985-07. Canopy transpiration and water fluxes in the xylem of the trunk of Larix and Picea trees — a comparison of xylem flow, porometer and cuvette measurements in OECOLOGIA
  • 1983. Xylem Structure and the Ascent of Sap in NONE
  • 2014-05. Radial stem growth in response to microclimate and soil moisture in a drought-prone mixed coniferous forest at an inner Alpine site in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 1998. Tree water relations and climatic variations at the alpine timberline: seasonal changes of sap flux and xylem water potential in Larix decidua Miller, Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Pinus cembra L in ANNALES DES SCIENCES FORESTIÈRES
  • 2014-07. Evaluating the effect of plant water availability on inner alpine coniferous trees based on sap flow measurements in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 1998-09. Climate-tree-growth relationships of Scots pine stands (Pinus sylvestris L.) exposed to soil dryness in TREES
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00484-014-0853-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00484-014-0853-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020517592

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24871430


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