Relationship between the earlywood-to-latewood transition and changes in levels of stored starch around the cambium in locally heated stems of ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-04-15

AUTHORS

Md Hasnat Rahman, Shahanara Begum, Satoshi Nakaba, Yusuke Yamagishi, Kayo Kudo, Eri Nabeshima, Widyanto Dwi Nugroho, Yuichiro Oribe, Ryo Funada

ABSTRACT

Key messageWe observed the formation of latewood tracheids with narrow diameters and thick walls and the disappearance of stored starch around the cambium on the locally heated region of stems in evergreen coniferChamaecyparis pisiferaduring winter cambial dormancy.AbstractWood formation is controlled by cambial cell division, which determines the quantity and quality of wood. We investigated the factors that control cambial activity and the formation of new tracheids in locally heated stems of the evergreen conifer Chamaecyparis pisifera. Electric heating tape was wrapped around one side of the stem, at breast height, of two trees in 2013 and two in 2014. Pairs of stems were locally heated in winter, and small blocks were collected from heated and non-heated regions of stems. Cambial activity and levels of stored starch around the cambium were investigated by microscopy. Cambial reactivation and xylem differentiation occurred earlier in heated than in non-heated regions. New cell plates were formed after 14–18 days of heating. After a few layers of tracheids with large diameters and thin walls had formed, cell division and cell enlargement during differentiation were inhibited. Tracheids with narrow diameters and thick walls, defining those as latewood, were formed near the cambium, and finally, four to six layers of tracheids were induced. After cambial reactivation, amounts of stored starch started to decrease and starch disappeared completely from phloem and xylem cells that were located near the cambium during the differentiation of heated regions. Our results suggest that an increase in temperature induces the conversion of stored starch to soluble sugars for continuous cambial cell division and earlywood formation. By contrast, a shortage of stored starch might be responsible for inhibition of cambial activity and induction of the formation of latewood tracheids. More... »

PAGES

1619-1631

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2016-02-19. Agatharesinol biosynthesis-related changes of ray parenchyma in sapwood sticks of Cryptomeria japonica during cell death in PLANTA
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  • 1994. The Vascular Cambium, Development and Structure in NONE
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00468-016-1395-4

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    78 quality
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    80 quantity
    81 reactivation
    82 region
    83 relationship
    84 results
    85 shortage
    86 side
    87 small blocks
    88 soluble sugars
    89 starch
    90 stem
    91 sugars
    92 tape
    93 temperature
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