Defoliation reduces growth but not carbon reserves in Mediterranean Pinus pinaster trees View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-04-14

AUTHORS

Elena Puri, Günter Hoch, Christian Körner

ABSTRACT

Key messageReduced growth but high NSC after severe defoliation of evergreen trees can be explained by three, non-exclusive processes: critical loss of non-C reserves, hormonal changes, and prioritisation of C storage over growth.AbstractIn an attempt to simulate processionary moth impact on pines, we explored the extent to which late winter defoliation affects growth and carbon reserves in the following season. In separate treatments we removed 100, and 50 % of needles of whole trees and defoliated single branches in naturally grown, 2–3-m-tall Pinus pinaster trees in Italy. Shoot and stem growth (lateral shoot length and basal area increment, respectively) were substantially reduced after 100 % defoliation (−45 % for shoots, −84 % for stems). In 50 % defoliated trees only stem growth was reduced (−37 %), and in trees with a single branch defoliated, growth remained unaffected. Although substantial carbon and nitrogen reserves were removed from defoliated trees prior to bud break, non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) concentrations in branches and needles fell below control values only during the first half of the growing season, and considerable amounts of NSC persisted throughout the year. By the end of the dry and hot Mediterranean summer, NSC concentrations in branch xylem, branch phloem, previous year needles, stem sapwood and root xylem were similar among all treatments. Reduced growth and high late season NSC after defoliation can be explained by (1) a critical loss of reserves other than C (e.g. N and P), (2) hormonal changes which affected cambial activity, or (3) a prioritisation of carbon storage over growth, with all three mechanisms potentially contributing to the observed growth and NSC response. More... »

PAGES

1187-1196

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-05-04. Defoliation by processionary moth significantly reduces tree growth: a quantitative review in ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE
  • 2014-08-06. Carbon Reserves as Indicators for Carbon Limitation in Trees in PROGRESS IN BOTANY
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  • 2001-09-01. Repeated insect defoliation effects on growth, nitrogen acquisition, carbohydrates, and root demography of poplars in OECOLOGIA
  • 2002-03-13. Source/sink removal affects mobile carbohydrates in Pinus cembra at the Swiss treeline in TREES
  • 1993-01. Growth, nutrition and gas exchange of Pinus resinosa following artificial defoliation in TREES
  • 2010-12-19. Aspen shoots are carbon autonomous during bud break in TREES
  • 2012-06-04. Fast replenishment of initial carbon stores after defoliation by the pine processionary moth and its relationship to the re-growth ability of trees in TREES
  • 2004-10. Impact of defoliation by the pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) on radial, height and volume growth of calabrian pine (Pinus brutia) trees in Turkey in PHYTOPARASITICA
  • 1990-06. The fate and path of assimilation products in the stem of 8-year-old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees in TREES
  • 1992-06. Food reserves of scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in TREES
  • 1994-05. Seasonal changes in the utilization and turnover of assimilation products in 8-year-old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees in TREES
  • 2005-04-02. Long-term increase in climatic dryness in the East-Mediterranean as evidenced for the island of Samos in REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE
  • 2009-01-08. Effects of defoliation caused by the processionary moth on growth of Crimean pines in western Turkey in PHYTOPARASITICA
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