Long-term changes in tree-ring–climate relationships at Mt. Patscherkofel (Tyrol, Austria) since the mid-1980s View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2007-09-05

AUTHORS

Walter Oberhuber, Werner Kofler, Klaus Pfeifer, Andrea Seeber, Andreas Gruber, Gerhard Wieser

ABSTRACT

Although growth limitation of trees at Alpine and high-latitude timberlines by prevailing summer temperature is well established, the loss of thermal response of radial tree growth during last decades has repeatedly been addressed. We examined long-term variability of climate–growth relationships in ring width chronologies of Stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) by means of moving response functions (MRF). The study area is situated in the timberline ecotone (ca. 2,000–2,200 m a.s.l.) on Mt. Patscherkofel (Tyrol, Austria). Five site chronologies were developed within the ecotone with constant sample depth (≥19 trees) throughout most of the time period analysed. MRF calculated for the period 1866–1999 and 1901–1999 for ca. 200- and ca. 100-year-old stands, respectively, revealed that mean July temperature is the major and long-term stable driving force of Pinus cembra radial growth within the timberline ecotone. However, since the mid-1980s, radial growth in timberline and tree line chronologies strikingly diverges from the July temperature trend. This is probably a result of extreme climate events (e.g. low winter precipitation, late frost) and/or increasing drought stress on cambial activity. The latter assumption is supported by a <10% increase in annual increments of ca. 50-year-old trees at the timberline and at the tree line in 2003 compared with 2002, when extraordinary hot and dry conditions prevailed during summer. Furthermore, especially during the second half of the twentieth century, influence of climate variables on radial growth show abrupt fluctuations, which might also be a consequence of climate warming on tree physiology. More... »

PAGES

31-40

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-06-21. A 1052-year tree-ring proxy for Alpine summer temperatures in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2005-08. Climate related causes of distinct radial growth reductions in Pinus cembra during the last 200 yr in VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
  • 1998-09. Changes in radial tree growth for Picea abies, Larix decidua, Pinus cembra and Pinus uncinata near the alpine timberline since 1750 in TREES
  • 2007. Trees at their Upper Limit, Treelife Limitation at the Alpine Timberline in NONE
  • 2002-03. Ecological responses to recent climate change in NATURE
  • 1980-01. The effects of wind and temperature on cuticular transpiration of Picea abies and Pinus cembra and their significance in dessication damage at the alpine treeline in OECOLOGIA
  • 1990-08. A 1,400-year tree-ring record of summer temperatures in Fennoscandia in NATURE
  • 2005-10-26. Growth/climate response shift in a long subalpine spruce chronology in TREES
  • 2004-02-25. Violins and climate in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 1998. High-altitude forest sensitivity to global warming: results from long-term and short-term analyses in the eastern italian alps in THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON FORESTS
  • 1999-07-08. Influence of snowfall and melt timing on tree growth in subarctic Eurasia in NATURE
  • 2000-06. Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress in NATURE
  • 1998-02-12. Reduced sensitivity of recent tree-growth to temperature at high northern latitudes in NATURE
  • 2003-06-24. Temporal instability in tree-growth/climate response in the Lower Bavarian Forest region: implications for dendroclimatic reconstruction in TREES
  • 1999-02. Growing season extended in Europe in NATURE
  • 1998-07. A re-assessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation in OECOLOGIA
  • 1993-09. A tree-ring densitometric transect from Alaska to Labrador in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00468-007-0166-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00468-007-0166-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017360600

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21532976


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    84 lines
    85 long-term changes
    86 long-term stable driving force
    87 long-term variability
    88 loss
    89 means
    90 period
    91 physiology
    92 pine
    93 radial growth
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    95 radial tree growth
    96 relationship
    97 response
    98 response function
    99 results
    100 sample depth
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    102 show abrupt fluctuations
    103 site chronologies
    104 stable driving force
    105 stands
    106 stone pine
    107 stress
    108 study area
    109 summer
    110 summer temperatures
    111 temperature
    112 temperature trends
    113 thermal response
    114 timberline
    115 timberline ecotone
    116 time period
    117 tree growth
    118 tree line
    119 tree line chronologies
    120 tree physiology
    121 trees
    122 trends
    123 twentieth century
    124 variability
    125 variables
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