Abbreviated cyclosporine AUCs on Neoral – the search continues! View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-03

AUTHORS

G. Filler, Ingrid Mai, S. Filler, Jochen H. H. Ehrich

ABSTRACT

Cyclosporine is a powerful immunosuppressant with a narrow therapeutic window and considerable inter- and intrapatient variability. The pre-dose trough concentration (C(min)) is commonly used for therapeutic drug monitoring. With the new microemulsion (Neoral), intrapatient variability was reduced. However, the usefulness of Neoral C(min) was questioned. Firstly, because of the improved and more-rapid absorption, accidental intake before blood sampling has a greater impact on C(min) than with classic cyclosporine. Secondly, C(min) may be low despite high drug exposure, due to rapid clearance in children. A full pharmacokinetic (PK) profile with determination of the area under the curve (AUC) is expensive and cumbersome, and therefore a search for an abbreviated AUC began. Here, we present a retrospective analysis of 84 PK profiles from 78 pediatric renal transplant recipients. By analysis of rejection episodes and toxicity, we estimated a target AUC above 5,000 ng x h/ml in the early post-transplant period and 3,900 ng x h/ml beyond 100 days. The abbreviated AUC using the 2- and 6-h concentrations (C2 and C6) and a simple estimate derived from the 3-h concentration (C3) were equally well correlated with the AUC. From our data, we recommend a target C3 at approximately 800 ng/ml early after transplantation and 450-550 ng/ml beyond 100 days. More... »

PAGES

98-102

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s004670050571

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004670050571

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10228992


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