Association between cord blood cystatin C levels and early mortality of neonates with congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-11

AUTHORS

Seiichi Tomotaki, Katsuaki Toyoshima, Tomoyuki Shimokaze, Jun Shibasaki, Hiroyuki Nagafuchi

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Some fetuses with congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have severe renal dysfunction during the prenatal period that can result in oligohydramnios, pulmonary hypoplasia, and death following birth. We hypothesized that cord blood cystatin C (CysC) levels are elevated in neonates who have life-threatening pulmonary hypoplasia and oligohydramnios due to severe renal dysfunction. In this study we compared cord blood CysC levels between a non-survivor group with CAKUT and a survivor group. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study conducted between January 2007 and December 2015. Eighty-seven neonates who were prenatally diagnosed with CAKUT were included in the study. Cord blood CysC and creatinine levels were compared between the survivor and non-survivor groups at discharge from hospital. RESULTS: Of the 87 neonates enrolled in the study, 67 survived and 21 died before discharge. Median cord blood CysC levels were higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (4.28 vs. 1.96 mg/L, respectively; p < 0.001). Cord blood creatinine levels were not significantly different between the two groups. In patients with oligohydramnios (n = 28), cord blood CysC levels were significantly higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (4.28 vs. 2.23 mg/L, respectively; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In this study population, cord blood CysC levels were significantly higher in the non-survivor group with CAKUT than in the survivor group. These results suggest that cord blood CysC levels may be a good marker of the severity of renal dysfunction at birth. More... »

PAGES

2089-2095

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00467-017-3733-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-017-3733-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090362204

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28681080


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    "description": "BACKGROUND: Some fetuses with congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have severe renal dysfunction during the prenatal period that can result in oligohydramnios, pulmonary hypoplasia, and death following birth. We hypothesized that cord blood cystatin C (CysC) levels are elevated in neonates who have life-threatening pulmonary hypoplasia and oligohydramnios due to severe renal dysfunction. In this study we compared cord blood CysC levels between a non-survivor group with CAKUT and a survivor group.\nMETHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study conducted between January 2007 and December 2015. Eighty-seven neonates who were prenatally diagnosed with CAKUT were included in the study. Cord blood CysC and creatinine levels were compared between the survivor and non-survivor groups at discharge from hospital.\nRESULTS: Of the 87 neonates enrolled in the study, 67 survived and 21 died before discharge. Median cord blood CysC levels were higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (4.28 vs. 1.96\u00a0mg/L, respectively; p\u00a0<\u00a00.001). Cord blood creatinine levels were not significantly different between the two groups. In patients with oligohydramnios (n\u00a0=\u00a028), cord blood CysC levels were significantly higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (4.28 vs. 2.23\u00a0mg/L, respectively; p\u00a0=\u00a00.002).\nCONCLUSIONS: In this study population, cord blood CysC levels were significantly higher in the non-survivor group with CAKUT than in the survivor group. These results suggest that cord blood CysC levels may be a good marker of the severity of renal dysfunction at birth.", 
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52 schema:description BACKGROUND: Some fetuses with congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have severe renal dysfunction during the prenatal period that can result in oligohydramnios, pulmonary hypoplasia, and death following birth. We hypothesized that cord blood cystatin C (CysC) levels are elevated in neonates who have life-threatening pulmonary hypoplasia and oligohydramnios due to severe renal dysfunction. In this study we compared cord blood CysC levels between a non-survivor group with CAKUT and a survivor group. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study conducted between January 2007 and December 2015. Eighty-seven neonates who were prenatally diagnosed with CAKUT were included in the study. Cord blood CysC and creatinine levels were compared between the survivor and non-survivor groups at discharge from hospital. RESULTS: Of the 87 neonates enrolled in the study, 67 survived and 21 died before discharge. Median cord blood CysC levels were higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (4.28 vs. 1.96 mg/L, respectively; p < 0.001). Cord blood creatinine levels were not significantly different between the two groups. In patients with oligohydramnios (n = 28), cord blood CysC levels were significantly higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (4.28 vs. 2.23 mg/L, respectively; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In this study population, cord blood CysC levels were significantly higher in the non-survivor group with CAKUT than in the survivor group. These results suggest that cord blood CysC levels may be a good marker of the severity of renal dysfunction at birth.
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