Conservative treatment of acute cholecystitis: a systematic review and pooled analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-02

AUTHORS

Charlotte S. Loozen, Jelmer E. Oor, Bert van Ramshorst, Hjalmar C. van Santvoort, Djamila Boerma

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In medical practice, the tendency to remove an inflamed gallbladder is deeply rooted. Cholecystectomy, however, is associated with relatively high complication rates, and therefore the decision whether or not to perform surgery should be well considered. For some patients, the surgical risk-benefit profile may favour conservative treatment. The objective of this study was to examine the short- and long-term outcome of conservative treatment of patients with acute calculous cholecystitis. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library databases was performed. Prospective studies reporting on the success rate of conservative treatment (i.e. non-invasive treatment) of acute cholecystitis during index admission were included, as well as prospective and retrospective studies reporting on the recurrence rate of gallstone-related disease during long-term follow-up (i.e. ≥12 months) after initial non-surgical management. Study selection was undertaken independently by two reviewers using predefined criteria. The risk of bias was assessed. The pooled success and mortality rate during index admission and the pooled recurrence rate of gallstone-related disease during long-term follow-up were calculated using a random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 1841 patients were included in 10 randomized controlled trials and 14 non-randomized studies. Conservative treatment during index admission was successful in 87 % of patients with acute calculous cholecystitis and in 96 % of patients with mild disease. In the long term, 22 % of the patients developed recurrent gallstone-related disease. Pooled analysis showed a success rate of 86 % (95 % CI 0.8-0.9), a mortality rate of 0.5 % (95 % CI 0.001-0.009) and a recurrence rate of 20 % (95 % CI 0.1-0.3). DISCUSSION: Conservative treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis during index admission seems feasible and safe, especially in patients with mild disease. During long-term follow-up, less than a quarter of the patients appear to develop recurrent gallstone-related disease, although this outcome is based on limited data. More... »

PAGES

504-515

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00464-016-5011-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-016-5011-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025590676

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27317033


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00464-016-5011-x'


 

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