Polypectomy practices of sub-centimeter polyps in the English Bowel Cancer Screening Programme View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-01-16

AUTHORS

Said Din, Alex J. Ball, Eleanor Taylor, Matthew Rutter, Stuart A. Riley, Shawinder Johal

ABSTRACT

BackgroundMost colonic polyps are small, and several polypectomy techniques are available. We aimed to describe the variation in polypectomy techniques employed for the removal of sub-centimeter polyps in relation to polyp characteristics, completeness of histological excision and safety.MethodsProspectively collected data relating to the removal of sub-centimeter polyps over a 3-year period (between January 2010 and December 2012) were retrieved from the English Bowel Cancer Screening Programme.ResultsA total of 147,174 sub-centimeter polyps were removed during 62,679 procedures. For pedunculated polyps, hot snare was most common in the left (median 92 %, IQR 83.3–97.0 %) and right colon (median 75 %, IQR 3–92 %). For non-pedunculated polyps, cold snare was most common in the right colon (median 24 %, IQR 9–47 %); whereas hot snare remained most common in the left colon (median 32 %, IQR 19–49 %). Surgeons were more likely than physicians to use diathermy-assisted techniques (65.6 vs. 56.5 %, p < 0.001). Twelve (0.03 %) bleeding episodes required transfusion with no polypectomy technique dominating and 16 (0.04 %) perforations with 81 % of polypectomies performed using diathermy-assisted techniques. There was substantial variation between screening centers for the completeness of histological excision. For non-pedunculated polyps, histologically confirmed complete excision was more after EMR (23.4 %) compared with other techniques (cold biopsy forceps 17.7 %, cold snare 15.1 %, hot biopsy forceps 19.1 %, hot snare 21.5 %). The use of cold techniques and EMR has increased over time, whereas the use of hot biopsy forceps and hot snare has decreased (p < 0.001). ConclusionsThe removal of sub-centimeter polyps within the BCSP is safe despite wide variations in practice. The use of cold resection techniques and EMR has increased over time. The histological assessment for completeness of excision is limited and should be confirmed endoscopically at the time of polypectomy. More... »

PAGES

3224-3230

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00464-015-4064-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-015-4064-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028762610

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25591413


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